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Social Capital Measurement
Purpose

• The current project by the OECD Statistics Directorate on the Measurement of “Social Capital” will be reaching completion in summer 2013. The aim of this project has been three-fold: i) to assess how the notion of “social capital” has been conceptualised in the research literature; ii) to detail how it has been measured in national and international surveys; and iii) to identify priority areas for further developing and harmonising statistics related to “social capital”, based on the possible policy uses of such measures. This work is intended to lay the groundwork for the development of a set of guidelines covering the key methodological issues involved in collecting measures of social capital that can be implemented by producers of social capital data.

Objectives and outputs

• The main outputs of this project, to be completed by Q3 2013, are:

- a review of the literature pertaining to the measurement of social capital

- a databank of existing social capital questionnaires

- a Final Report/working paper

Main Developments for 2013

General aspects

• The final report, to be completed in 2013, will draw on the work undertaken in 2012 (i.e. the literature review and associated conceptual work, as well as the question databank) to present the case to official statisticians for continued methodological work related to Social Capital.

Social Expenditure
Purpose

• The database has been developed to monitor trends in aggregate social expenditure as well as changes in its composition. SOCX includes historical series from 1980 reliable and internationally comparable statistics on public and (mandatory and voluntary) private social expenditure at programme level classified under the major social policy areas. This version also includes estimates of net total social spending for 2009 for 30 OECD countries. See www.oecd.org/els/social/expenditure.

 Objectives and outputs

• SOCX provides a unique tool for monitoring trends in aggregate social expenditure and analysing changes in its composition. It covers 34 OECD countries for the period 1980-2009/10 and estimates for 2010-2012. The main social policy areas are as follows: Old age, Survivors, Incapacity-related benefits, Health, Family, Active labour market programmes, Unemployment, Housing, and Other social policy areas.

• Social Expenditure Database: data collection (in co-operation with Eurostat for EU countries) and dissemination on the internet www.oecd.org/els/social/expenditure of expenditure data, programme by programme, grouped in the main expenditure categories, since 1980.

• In November 2012 the OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) has been updated together with the publication of a brief on Social spending after the crisis.

• The OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) is available via the OECD statistical browser OECD.stat.

http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=SOCX_AGG

http://dotstat.oecd.org/wbos/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=SOCX_DET 

• SOCX covers 34 OECD countries for the period 1980-2009/10 and for the first time includes estimates on total public social spending for 2010-2012.

• The SOCX methodological guide can be found in the OECD Working Paper #124 "Is the European welfare state really more expensive? Indicators on social spending, 1980-2012 and a manual to the OECD Social Expenditure database (SOCX)" .

 Databases

 • Social expenditures

 Main Developments for 2013

 General aspects

• The work on short term public social spending projections will be carried on regularly to better monitor trends in aggregate social expenditure.

 • Possibility of inclusion of net social spending indicators into OECD.stat.

 Data collection

• A questionnaire on Aggregated Social Expenditure Data will be sent at the beginning of 2013 within the framework of the regular update on projections on national aggregates for 2012 and estimates for 2013.

Social Indicators
Purpose

• Social indicators have been developed to provide the broad perspective needed for any international comparison and assessment of social trends, outcomes and policies. By linking social status and social response indicators across a broad range of policy areas, social indicators help to identify whether and how the broad thrust of social policies and societal actions are addressing key social policy issues. See http://www.oecd.org/els/social/indicators/SAG.

Objectives and outputs

• The sixth edition of Society at a Glance, the biennial OECD overview of social indicators was published in April 2011. This report addressed the growing demand for quantitative evidence on social well-being and its trends. It updated some indicators included in the five editions published since 2001 and introduced several new ones.

 • This report features a special chapter on unpaid work (Chapter 1) based on a Time Use Survey analysis (data in minutes per day by activity are new available online, by gender). It also provides a guide to help readers in understanding the structure of OECD social indicators (Chapter 2), and a summary of the main trends (Chapter 3). More detailed information on all indicators, including those not in this edition, can be found on the OECD web pages (www.oecd.org/els/social/indicators).

 • Society at a Glance – Asia/Pacific Edition 2011, a joint OECD/Korea Policy Centre publication, is also available online. It offers a concise quantitative overview of social trends and policies across Asia-Pacific economies (www.oecd.org/els/social/indicators/asia).

Databases

• Social indicators

Main Developments for 2013

General aspects

• Preparation of the 7th edition for the end of 2013, with a special chapter on social policies in the economic downturn and Recovery (tbc.)

Data collection

• Data update every other year (data update in 2012).

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