1.1 Population and migration (ILO)
Ongoing technical assistance:
• The ILO will continue to provide assistance to countries with the measurement of international labour migration through special modules for attachment into household surveys, particularly labour force surveys. It will be participating in the Extended Migration Profile of Moldova including labour migration-related questions.
Ongoing international collaboration:
• The ILO will continue to participate in the meetings and activities of the Global Migration Group (GMG) to promote coherence between labour statistics and international migration statistics. The ILO will also be involved in the Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD) set up by the World Bank and involving GMG members. Data on migration is one of the thematic areas of key importance for KNOMAD.
Economically active population
• Estimates and projections of the economically active population (EAP) and activity rates by age group and sex have been published since 1971. The most recent edition of the Estimates and Projections of Economically Active Population (EAPEP database) released in October 2011 covers the period 1990-2020 for 191 countries and territories (available at http://laborsta.ilo.org). They are based on the 2010 Revision of the World Population Prospects, released in June 2011 by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. The methodologies for both estimates and projections have been improved and published. Transparency has also been increased, as detailed metadata are now available for each data point. A review of the methodologies of EAP projections used at the national and international levels was published in 2012. The next important release would take place in autumn 2013, just after the next release of the UN population figures.
1.2 Labour (ILO)
Rural Employment Statistics
• Close the data gap by collecting from ILO member States core labour statistics by rural and urban areas. This is being done through the annual ILO Questionnaire which collects from the countries data for 6 indictors, including employment, unemployment and poverty incidence. The data are available for 40-90 countries, depending on the indicator.
• Maintain the ILO rural labour statistics dataset, for details see:
• Enhance the knowledge-base by releasing rural labour market indicators and ILO rural analysis of indicators derived from the special dataset, (charts, graphics, maps of main world regions and by country) see:
• Develop and build capacity for labour force surveys to exploit rural-urban disaggregations in pursuance of the Department's technical cooperation activities.
• In collaboration with FAO and IFAD, ILO carry on developmental research to define rural areas for statistical measurement purposes. The ILO rural synopsis (inventory of characteristics of rural labour statistics series) and criteria used to define the rural-urban classification are available at:
• Maintain the ILO pages on the Joint FAO ILO Website on Rural Employment available at www.fao-ilo.org.
• In 2011, the ILO released a “Manual on the measurement of volunteer work” in English, French and Spanish. It provides a definition of volunteer work, a measurement methodology to identify volunteer workers and their characteristics, and an estimation methodology to value their work. The 18th International Conference of Labour Statisticians discussed and approved the Manual in 2008. The manual is meant to serve as a reference for statisticians to measure volunteer work, as well as a guide to researchers, policy makers and others who wish to understand and use the resulting statistics. The manual is intended to help raise awareness of the need for statistics on volunteer work, a crucial labour resource that improves the quality of life everywhere in the world. The manual, therefore, is an integral part of ILO’s commitment to decent work. The manual was prepared under the auspices of the ILO Department of Statistics, by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies in cooperation with an international Technical Experts Group and with support from United Nations Volunteers.
• The ILO Department of Statistics works with the Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society and the United Nations Volunteers to bring mainstream this topic in labour statistics. We are expecting that the forthcoming revision of the international standards on work, employment and unemployment, will boost the measurement of volunteer work.
• The ILO Statistical Sources & Methods, Volume 4, 2nd edition is expected to be published in 2013.
Ongoing methodological work
• The ILO Training Curriculum on Understanding Time Use Surveys to Promote Gender Equality", a modular technical cooperation and training tool is expected to be published in 2013.
Measurement of decent work and quality of employment
• Work will continue on the collection and publication of the key ILO decent work indicators and will present to the Nineteenth ICLS (scheduled for October 2013) a state of advancement of how the decent work indicators have been implemented and used by countries.
• A first version of an ILO Manual on decent work indicators entitled “Decent Work Indicators, Concepts and Definitions” was published in June 2012 and will be used for training and capacity-building activities in 2013.
• As a member of the UNECE Expert Group on the Measuring the Quality of Employment, the ILO continues to make technical contributions to the EG's planned activities.
• The ILO pursues the following strategy to improve statistics on forced labour:
- In 2012, a new global estimate of forced labour was published, with regional disaggregation. The methodology and results are available at http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---declaration/documents/publication/wcms_182004.pdf. The methodology used to produce the estimate is based on a capture-recapture of reported cases of forced labour, which were stored in a database. More than 8,000 cases were collected.
- The ILO supports member States which are willing to use the ILO methodology to estimate forced labour. In 2012, the ILO published survey guidelines to estimate forced labour and trafficking at national level. These guidelines build on the experience of designing and implementing surveys in ten countries between 2008 and 2011.These include countries which are known as source countries of labour migration, countries where traditional forms of forced labour are still prevalent, countries with internal trafficking for labour exploitation and countries known as destination of labour migration.
- ILO will release two publications in 2013 related to forced labour: an economic analysis of the determinants of forced labour based on the 10 national surveys implemented with ILO support, and a new estimate of the profits from forced labour.
• Since its establishment over 90 years ago, the ILO has been collecting and disseminating statistics on a wide array of labour topics. The ILO central data warehouse for labour statistics is now ILOSTAT, which gradually will replace LABORSTA. The latest data for all the series described below can be accessed at http://laborsta.ilo.org.
• Annual data on the economically active population, employment, unemployment, hours of work, wages, labour cost, consumer price indices, occupational injuries and strikes and lockouts are collected regularly for dissemination on the web and in the ILO Yearbook of Labour Statistics. Descriptions of the methods used to compile these statistics are produced and disseminated in the Sources and Methods: Labour Statistics series of publications, by CD-ROM and on the web. Beginning in 2006, the Yearbook has been published in two volumes: i) Volume 1 has time series for each country usually covering the preceding ten years, and ii) Volume 2 has a "country profile" format showing the latest available labour statistics for each country.
• The yearly data collection and the ILO Yearbook of Statistics were temporarily discontinued in 2010 in order to allow a thorough review of the topics and methods of ILO data collection. As a result of this process, the former October Inquiry was discontinued. For some specific topic areas, the review process involved two rounds of consultations with statistical experts and key tripartite experts worldwide yielding a new ILO yearly indicators questionnaire containing many traditional topics as well as new ones and more standardized variables and indicators for purposes of greater comparability. The new questionnaire was sent to National Statistics Offices and Ministries of Labour worldwide at the end of 2011 and requested annual data for 2009 and 2010; these were published during the last quarter of 2012. The questionnaire included new indicators on topics such as youth not in education and not in employment; poverty, income distribution and working poor; labour inspection; and trade union membership and collective bargaining coverage.
• Following the 2008 financial crisis which rapidly deteriorated the labour market situation in many countries, the ILO started to publish in December 2008 selected statistics on employment, unemployment, wages, working time, and consumer prices at the country level for which data are produced on a monthly or quarterly basis. These indicators have been selected for their ability to reflect recent and short-term changes. The data are updated and disseminated each month in the Web. This work will continue in 2013. Aggregate global estimates are available based on real data from reporting countries, as well as aggregate estimates for groupings of developed and developing countries. Data can be accessed by topic and by country and seasonally adjusted data are available for key short-term labour market variables and indicators to allow users to better analyze period-to-period changes. Regular updates of these estimates will be carried out throughout 2013.
• Data on public sector employment for 140 countries, areas and territories are updated with biannual periodicity, with the last update done in 2011. The next update will be in 2013.
• A number of other data series are updated less frequently. These include the databases on:
• In addition to expanding the coverage of the topics and the coverage of the countries and territories, significant efforts are being made to improve the quality of the statistics collected and disseminated and to reduce the reporting burden on national statistical bodies. The latter includes the collaboration with UNSD with respect to data sharing of statistics on the economically active population, the joint data collection with Eurostat for the Member States of the European Union on strikes and lockouts, and the use of electronic questionnaires. The Department of Statistics is working on the possibility of exchanging data and metadata more rapidly by using SDMX and other electronic means.
G-20 Labour Statistics Update Reports
• Given the ILO's recent status as a full member of the G20, it has been actively involved in providing up-to-date information on the impact of the current economic crisis on the labour market for G20 countries. In April 2010, the ILO began producing a series of statistical labour market reports by country as well as the summary report for the full set of countries "Employment and labour market adjustments in G20 Countries during 2007-09 and outlook for 2010: A statistical overview" for the G20 Labour Ministerial Meeting in Washington, DC. The full set of documents can be found at: http://www.ilo.org/pls/apex/f?p=109:12:0. The ILO also produced the report, "Weak employment recovery with persistent high unemployment and decent work deficits: An update on employment and labour market trends in G20 countries" for the G20 Summit in Seoul, Korea held in November 2010; this document can be found at: http://www.ilo.org/pls/apex/f?p=109:14:0. This work is expected to continue in 2013.
The ILO set of Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM)
• The Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM) is a multi-functional research tool offered by the ILO with the aim of making labour market information and analysis easily accessible. It contains a core set of 18 labour market indicators and accompanying trends analysis that together provide a framework for monitoring various facets of the world of work. The first KILM was released in 1999. It has since become a flagship product of the ILO and is used on a daily basis by researchers and policy-makers throughout the world. The 7th edition was released in November 2011, and the eighth edition is planned for 2013.
1.5 Income and consumption (ILO)
Household Income and Expenditure
• Work is being planned on the preparation of a technical guide on household income and expenditure statistics, in collaboration with the International Household Survey Network.
• Statistics and metadata on household income and expenditure are available at http://laborsta.ilo.org. More recent and additional information on poverty incidence and household income distribution as well as working poor were collected in 2011 and disseminated at ww.ilo.org/ilostat/.
1.6 Social protection (ILO)
Social Security Schemes
• The ILO Social Security Inquiry collects statistics on social security expenditure, financing, coverage and benefit levels from both developed and developing world. Its revised methodological approach is compatible as far as possible with SNA, with the EUROSTAT-ESSPROS approach to social protection revenue, and expenditure statistics, with OECD Social Protection Expenditure database and with IMF's 2001 Government Finance Statistics guidelines. In addition, coverage and benefit level data are collected and used for constructing coverage indicators by social security risk or social security function. The ILO social security inquiry presents an inventory of national social protection schemes and collect data directly from the institutions that manage each of them, especially data on the coverage of the population (active contributors, affiliated persons and actual beneficiaries), benefit levels, expenditure and financing. In many countries, neither statistical offices nor ministries of welfare and social affairs collect data on all social protection programmes administered by different agencies. Data are collected and disseminated through the ILO Social Security Database, which contains on-line data entry module which can possibly be used directly by institutions administering social security schemes as well as automatic import utilities to include data from external compatible databases (such as SOCX OECD social expenditure data). A limited and regularly updated set of indicators on social security expenditure and coverage is now available for most Eastern European countries starting from 2000 to the latest available year. First results for nine countries in South-Eastern Europe were summarized in ILO (2005): Social Security Spending in South-Eastern Europe, Budapest: ILO. More recently updated data and indicators covering both expenditure and coverage have been published in the first edition of the World Social Security Report 2010/11.
• The ILO published The World Social Security Report 2010/11” Providing coverage in times of crisis and beyond” which provides a factual basis to support the development of national social security policies. It is the first in a series of World Social Security Reports which will also help to monitor the global progress on social security coverage and thus support the ILO's campaign to extend coverage. The second Edition of Report is planned for September 2013. The first report and related statistical data and indicators in Excel format are available on-line on the ILO Social Security Department platform at: http://www.socialsecurityextension.org/gimi/gess/ShowTheme.do?tid=1985.
• Historical data (1949-1993) on revenues and expenditure of social security schemes from 22 European countries are available on database on-line, developed by EURODATA Research Archive of the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES) in cooperation with the ILO. Data for other countries are available on-line on the ILO website at http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/secsoc/areas/stat/css/index.htm.
• The ILO has also published series of in-depth reports on social protection, which contain a broad range of statistics (Social Protection Expenditure and Performance Reviews - SPER). UNECE countries covered are Poland and the Slovak Republic.
• The ILO has developed - in cooperation with the Council of Europe - a manual on statistical data requirements and indicators related to reporting on compliance with ILO Convention No. 102 on minimum standards in social security and with the European Code of Social Security.
• The International Social Security Association (ISSA) continues its work to develop the statistical capacity of its members in developing countries and contributes to the development of international standards on social security/social protection statistics.
• The ILO intends to review and, if necessary, propose revisions to further develop the international standards on statistics of social security/social protection as laid down in the Resolution concerning the development of social security statistics, adopted by the 9th ICLS (1957). This was discussed at the 17th ICLS.
• Collection and analysis of statistical data on the performance of national social protection schemes in certain countries as well as on the extent of coverage by and exclusion from social protection (Social Protection Expenditure and Performance Reviews - SPER).
• Collection and analysis of statistical data on social protection expenditure, financing, coverage and benefit levels, available on the ILO Social Security Department Databases (with a broader focus than the previous "Inquiry into the Cost of Social Security"), see: the Social Security Inquiry http://www.ilo.org/dyn/ilossi/ssimain.home?p_lang=en, the social security expenditure and mechanisms databases (http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/secsoc/areas/stat/sso.htm).
• Collection of detailed statistical data for actuarial valuations of social security schemes.
• Within the framework of the activities on the informal economy, the Social Protection Sector is developing a module with limited number of questions on social protection to be integrated into the regular household surveys. This is undertaken by all units in collaboration with STAT with the aim of enhancing the use of this particular source to collect relevant data on social protection.
• The International Social Security Association (ISSA), in collaboration with the United States Social Security Administration, collects information on the range of contingencies covered by social security schemes and disseminates it with Social Security Programmes throughout the World (SSPTW) (see http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/ssptw) and with the ISSA information service, Social Security Worldwide. The ISSA also collects data on the legal framework and governance of Public Social Insurance Reserve Funds as well as their asset allocation and expenditure.
1.10 Political and other community activities (ILO)
Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining Agreements
Ongoing methodological work:
• An updated and expanded database on trade union membership is disseminated on the ILO Department of Statistics webpage. It is accompanied by a methodological note on sources of these statistics. This is just the first phase of building the social dialogue indicators database focused on collecting and updating key industrial relations data relating to trade union membership, trade union density and collective bargaining coverage. An appropriate methodology is also being developed with a view to applying a standard approach to the collection and analysis of such data. The inclusion of social dialogue indicators in the ILO annual questionnaire (see section on data collection) aims to provide a comprehensive account of available statistical information on trade union density and collective bargaining coverage and to provide inputs to the ILO for developing international guidelines for their measurement to enhance their comparability.