1.1 Population and migration (ILO)
Ongoing technical assistance:
• The ILO will continue to provide assistance to countries with the measurement of international labour migration through special modules for attachment into household surveys, particularly labour force surveys. It will be participating in the Extended Migration Profile of Moldova including labour migration-related questions.
Ongoing international collaboration:
• The ILO will continue to participate in the meetings and activities of the Global Migration Group (GMG) to promote coherence between labour statistics and international migration statistics. The ILO will also be involved in the Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development (KNOMAD) set up by the World Bank and involving GMG members. Data on migration is one of the thematic areas of key importance for KNOMAD.
Economically active population
• Estimates and projections of the economically active population (EAP) and activity rates by age group and sex have been published since 1971. The most recent edition of the Estimates and Projections of Economically Active Population (EAPEP database) released in October 2011 covers the period 1990-2020 for 191 countries and territories (available at http://laborsta.ilo.org). They are based on the 2010 Revision of the World Population Prospects, released in June 2011 by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. The methodologies for both estimates and projections have been improved and published. Transparency has also been increased, as detailed metadata are now available for each data point. A review of the methodologies of EAP projections used at the national and international levels was published in 2012. The next important release would take place in autumn 2013, just after the next release of the UN population figures.
1.2 Labour (ILO)
Rural Employment Statistics
• Close the data gap by collecting from ILO member States core labour statistics by rural and urban areas. This is being done through the annual ILO Questionnaire which collects from the countries data for 6 indictors, including employment, unemployment and poverty incidence. The data are available for 40-90 countries, depending on the indicator.
• Maintain the ILO rural labour statistics dataset, for details see:
• Enhance the knowledge-base by releasing rural labour market indicators and ILO rural analysis of indicators derived from the special dataset, (charts, graphics, maps of main world regions and by country) see:
• Develop and build capacity for labour force surveys to exploit rural-urban disaggregations in pursuance of the Department's technical cooperation activities.
• In collaboration with FAO and IFAD, ILO carry on developmental research to define rural areas for statistical measurement purposes. The ILO rural synopsis (inventory of characteristics of rural labour statistics series) and criteria used to define the rural-urban classification are available at:
• Maintain the ILO pages on the Joint FAO ILO Website on Rural Employment available at www.fao-ilo.org.
• In 2011, the ILO released a “Manual on the measurement of volunteer work” in English, French and Spanish. It provides a definition of volunteer work, a measurement methodology to identify volunteer workers and their characteristics, and an estimation methodology to value their work. The 18th International Conference of Labour Statisticians discussed and approved the Manual in 2008. The manual is meant to serve as a reference for statisticians to measure volunteer work, as well as a guide to researchers, policy makers and others who wish to understand and use the resulting statistics. The manual is intended to help raise awareness of the need for statistics on volunteer work, a crucial labour resource that improves the quality of life everywhere in the world. The manual, therefore, is an integral part of ILO’s commitment to decent work. The manual was prepared under the auspices of the ILO Department of Statistics, by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies in cooperation with an international Technical Experts Group and with support from United Nations Volunteers.
• The ILO Department of Statistics works with the Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society and the United Nations Volunteers to bring mainstream this topic in labour statistics. We are expecting that the forthcoming revision of the international standards on work, employment and unemployment, will boost the measurement of volunteer work.
• The ILO Statistical Sources & Methods, Volume 4, 2nd edition is expected to be published in 2013.
Ongoing methodological work
• The ILO Training Curriculum on Understanding Time Use Surveys to Promote Gender Equality", a modular technical cooperation and training tool is expected to be published in 2013.
Measurement of decent work and quality of employment
• Work will continue on the collection and publication of the key ILO decent work indicators and will present to the Nineteenth ICLS (scheduled for October 2013) a state of advancement of how the decent work indicators have been implemented and used by countries.
• A first version of an ILO Manual on decent work indicators entitled “Decent Work Indicators, Concepts and Definitions” was published in June 2012 and will be used for training and capacity-building activities in 2013.
• As a member of the UNECE Expert Group on the Measuring the Quality of Employment, the ILO continues to make technical contributions to the EG's planned activities.
• The ILO pursues the following strategy to improve statistics on forced labour:
- In 2012, a new global estimate of forced labour was published, with regional disaggregation. The methodology and results are available at http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---declaration/documents/publication/wcms_182004.pdf. The methodology used to produce the estimate is based on a capture-recapture of reported cases of forced labour, which were stored in a database. More than 8,000 cases were collected.
- The ILO supports member States which are willing to use the ILO methodology to estimate forced labour. In 2012, the ILO published survey guidelines to estimate forced labour and trafficking at national level. These guidelines build on the experience of designing and implementing surveys in ten countries between 2008 and 2011.These include countries which are known as source countries of labour migration, countries where traditional forms of forced labour are still prevalent, countries with internal trafficking for labour exploitation and countries known as destination of labour migration.
- ILO will release two publications in 2013 related to forced labour: an economic analysis of the determinants of forced labour based on the 10 national surveys implemented with ILO support, and a new estimate of the profits from forced labour.
• Since its establishment over 90 years ago, the ILO has been collecting and disseminating statistics on a wide array of labour topics. The ILO central data warehouse for labour statistics is now ILOSTAT, which gradually will replace LABORSTA. The latest data for all the series described below can be accessed at http://laborsta.ilo.org.
• Annual data on the economically active population, employment, unemployment, hours of work, wages, labour cost, consumer price indices, occupational injuries and strikes and lockouts are collected regularly for dissemination on the web and in the ILO Yearbook of Labour Statistics. Descriptions of the methods used to compile these statistics are produced and disseminated in the Sources and Methods: Labour Statistics series of publications, by CD-ROM and on the web. Beginning in 2006, the Yearbook has been published in two volumes: i) Volume 1 has time series for each country usually covering the preceding ten years, and ii) Volume 2 has a "country profile" format showing the latest available labour statistics for each country.
• The yearly data collection and the ILO Yearbook of Statistics were temporarily discontinued in 2010 in order to allow a thorough review of the topics and methods of ILO data collection. As a result of this process, the former October Inquiry was discontinued. For some specific topic areas, the review process involved two rounds of consultations with statistical experts and key tripartite experts worldwide yielding a new ILO yearly indicators questionnaire containing many traditional topics as well as new ones and more standardized variables and indicators for purposes of greater comparability. The new questionnaire was sent to National Statistics Offices and Ministries of Labour worldwide at the end of 2011 and requested annual data for 2009 and 2010; these were published during the last quarter of 2012. The questionnaire included new indicators on topics such as youth not in education and not in employment; poverty, income distribution and working poor; labour inspection; and trade union membership and collective bargaining coverage.
• Following the 2008 financial crisis which rapidly deteriorated the labour market situation in many countries, the ILO started to publish in December 2008 selected statistics on employment, unemployment, wages, working time, and consumer prices at the country level for which data are produced on a monthly or quarterly basis. These indicators have been selected for their ability to reflect recent and short-term changes. The data are updated and disseminated each month in the Web. This work will continue in 2013. Aggregate global estimates are available based on real data from reporting countries, as well as aggregate estimates for groupings of developed and developing countries. Data can be accessed by topic and by country and seasonally adjusted data are available for key short-term labour market variables and indicators to allow users to better analyze period-to-period changes. Regular updates of these estimates will be carried out throughout 2013.
• Data on public sector employment for 140 countries, areas and territories are updated with biannual periodicity, with the last update done in 2011. The next update will be in 2013.
• A number of other data series are updated less frequently. These include the databases on:
- household income and expenditure statistics;
- informal employment;
- employment in the informal sector;
- trade union membership;
- labour migration.
• In addition to expanding the coverage of the topics and the coverage of the countries and territories, significant efforts are being made to improve the quality of the statistics collected and disseminated and to reduce the reporting burden on national statistical bodies. The latter includes the collaboration with UNSD with respect to data sharing of statistics on the economically active population, the joint data collection with Eurostat for the Member States of the European Union on strikes and lockouts, and the use of electronic questionnaires. The Department of Statistics is working on the possibility of exchanging data and metadata more rapidly by using SDMX and other electronic means.
G-20 Labour Statistics Update Reports
• Given the ILO's recent status as a full member of the G20, it has been actively involved in providing up-to-date information on the impact of the current economic crisis on the labour market for G20 countries. In April 2010, the ILO began producing a series of statistical labour market reports by country as well as the summary report for the full set of countries "Employment and labour market adjustments in G20 Countries during 2007-09 and outlook for 2010: A statistical overview" for the G20 Labour Ministerial Meeting in Washington, DC. The full set of documents can be found at: http://www.ilo.org/pls/apex/f?p=109:12:0. The ILO also produced the report, "Weak employment recovery with persistent high unemployment and decent work deficits: An update on employment and labour market trends in G20 countries" for the G20 Summit in Seoul, Korea held in November 2010; this document can be found at: http://www.ilo.org/pls/apex/f?p=109:14:0. This work is expected to continue in 2013.
The ILO set of Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM)
• The Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM) is a multi-functional research tool offered by the ILO with the aim of making labour market information and analysis easily accessible. It contains a core set of 18 labour market indicators and accompanying trends analysis that together provide a framework for monitoring various facets of the world of work. The first KILM was released in 1999. It has since become a flagship product of the ILO and is used on a daily basis by researchers and policy-makers throughout the world. The 7th edition was released in November 2011, and the eighth edition is planned for 2013.
1.5 Income and consumption (ILO)
Household Income and Expenditure
• Work is being planned on the preparation of a technical guide on household income and expenditure statistics, in collaboration with the International Household Survey Network.
• Statistics and metadata on household income and expenditure are available at http://laborsta.ilo.org. More recent and additional information on poverty incidence and household income distribution as well as working poor were collected in 2011 and disseminated at ww.ilo.org/ilostat/.
1.6 Social protection (ILO)
Social Security Schemes
• The ILO Social Security Inquiry collects statistics on social security expenditure, financing, coverage and benefit levels from both developed and developing world. Its revised methodological approach is compatible as far as possible with SNA, with the EUROSTAT-ESSPROS approach to social protection revenue, and expenditure statistics, with OECD Social Protection Expenditure database and with IMF's 2001 Government Finance Statistics guidelines. In addition, coverage and benefit level data are collected and used for constructing coverage indicators by social security risk or social security function. The ILO social security inquiry presents an inventory of national social protection schemes and collect data directly from the institutions that manage each of them, especially data on the coverage of the population (active contributors, affiliated persons and actual beneficiaries), benefit levels, expenditure and financing. In many countries, neither statistical offices nor ministries of welfare and social affairs collect data on all social protection programmes administered by different agencies. Data are collected and disseminated through the ILO Social Security Database, which contains on-line data entry module which can possibly be used directly by institutions administering social security schemes as well as automatic import utilities to include data from external compatible databases (such as SOCX OECD social expenditure data). A limited and regularly updated set of indicators on social security expenditure and coverage is now available for most Eastern European countries starting from 2000 to the latest available year. First results for nine countries in South-Eastern Europe were summarized in ILO (2005): Social Security Spending in South-Eastern Europe, Budapest: ILO. More recently updated data and indicators covering both expenditure and coverage have been published in the first edition of the World Social Security Report 2010/11.
• The ILO published The World Social Security Report 2010/11” Providing coverage in times of crisis and beyond” which provides a factual basis to support the development of national social security policies. It is the first in a series of World Social Security Reports which will also help to monitor the global progress on social security coverage and thus support the ILO's campaign to extend coverage. The second Edition of Report is planned for September 2013. The first report and related statistical data and indicators in Excel format are available on-line on the ILO Social Security Department platform at: http://www.socialsecurityextension.org/gimi/gess/ShowTheme.do?tid=1985.
• Historical data (1949-1993) on revenues and expenditure of social security schemes from 22 European countries are available on database on-line, developed by EURODATA Research Archive of the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES) in cooperation with the ILO. Data for other countries are available on-line on the ILO website at http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/secsoc/areas/stat/css/index.htm.
• The ILO has also published series of in-depth reports on social protection, which contain a broad range of statistics (Social Protection Expenditure and Performance Reviews - SPER). UNECE countries covered are Poland and the Slovak Republic.
• The ILO has developed - in cooperation with the Council of Europe - a manual on statistical data requirements and indicators related to reporting on compliance with ILO Convention No. 102 on minimum standards in social security and with the European Code of Social Security.
• The International Social Security Association (ISSA) continues its work to develop the statistical capacity of its members in developing countries and contributes to the development of international standards on social security/social protection statistics.
• The ILO intends to review and, if necessary, propose revisions to further develop the international standards on statistics of social security/social protection as laid down in the Resolution concerning the development of social security statistics, adopted by the 9th ICLS (1957). This was discussed at the 17th ICLS.
• Collection and analysis of statistical data on the performance of national social protection schemes in certain countries as well as on the extent of coverage by and exclusion from social protection (Social Protection Expenditure and Performance Reviews - SPER).
• Collection and analysis of statistical data on social protection expenditure, financing, coverage and benefit levels, available on the ILO Social Security Department Databases (with a broader focus than the previous "Inquiry into the Cost of Social Security"), see: the Social Security Inquiry http://www.ilo.org/dyn/ilossi/ssimain.home?p_lang=en, the social security expenditure and mechanisms databases (http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/secsoc/areas/stat/sso.htm).
• Collection of detailed statistical data for actuarial valuations of social security schemes.
• Within the framework of the activities on the informal economy, the Social Protection Sector is developing a module with limited number of questions on social protection to be integrated into the regular household surveys. This is undertaken by all units in collaboration with STAT with the aim of enhancing the use of this particular source to collect relevant data on social protection.
• The International Social Security Association (ISSA), in collaboration with the United States Social Security Administration, collects information on the range of contingencies covered by social security schemes and disseminates it with Social Security Programmes throughout the World (SSPTW) (see http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/ssptw) and with the ISSA information service, Social Security Worldwide. The ISSA also collects data on the legal framework and governance of Public Social Insurance Reserve Funds as well as their asset allocation and expenditure.
1.10 Political and other community activities (ILO)
Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining Agreements
Ongoing methodological work:
• An updated and expanded database on trade union membership is disseminated on the ILO Department of Statistics webpage. It is accompanied by a methodological note on sources of these statistics. This is just the first phase of building the social dialogue indicators database focused on collecting and updating key industrial relations data relating to trade union membership, trade union density and collective bargaining coverage. An appropriate methodology is also being developed with a view to applying a standard approach to the collection and analysis of such data. The inclusion of social dialogue indicators in the ILO annual questionnaire (see section on data collection) aims to provide a comprehensive account of available statistical information on trade union density and collective bargaining coverage and to provide inputs to the ILO for developing international guidelines for their measurement to enhance their comparability.
2. Economic statistics (ILO)
2.2 Economic accounts (ILO)
• A manual on the informal sector and informal employment entitled “Measuring informality: a statistical manual on the informal sector and informal employment” has been finalised in 2012. It is a technical guide being prepared by the Department of Statistics, in cooperation with the Delhi Group on Informal Sector Statistics and with financial support by the Government of India. It is expected that this will boost national measurement of informality according to international standards and recommendations. It is also expected that this will increase opportunities for technical assistance to countries whose surveys do not currently enable them to apply the recommendations of the fifteenth and seventeenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians.
• The Manual on Informality is a technical and operational guide for National Statistical Offices and other Institutions interested in producing statistics of the informal sector and informal employment. It presents the current international standards, namely the resolution regarding the measurement of the informal sector, adopted by the 15th International Conference of Labour Statisticians in 1993, and the guidelines regarding the measurement of informal employment, endorsed by the 17th International Conference of Labour Statisticians in 2003. Each of the standards is explained thoroughly and additional guidelines for adequate interpretation and implementation are also provided.
• The manual also presents best practices regarding the measurement of these concepts using three types of measurement methodologies, namely household-based surveys, mixed household and enterprise surveys, and establishment-based surveys. Since the adoption of the international standards, a number of countries has implemented them using one, two or the three types of methodologies. The manual describes each of these methodologies based on the experiences gained at the national level and compares their qualities and limitations. The manual stresses that no one of these methodologies is better than the other, but rather, they complement each other. The choice of using one or another methodology will depend on data requirements, financial possibilities and the statistical infrastructure in the country. The manual provides a selected set of survey questionnaires for each of these methodologies which are meant to serve as illustrations of national practices for countries wishing to start or improve a programme of statistics on the informal sector and informal employment.
• The manual also provides guidance on dissemination strategies, the calculation of indicators, the tabulation of statistics, and on the integration of statistics on the informal sector in national accounts.
• The Manual was prepared by national and international experts, members of the Expert Group on Informal Sector Statistics (Delhi Group), of the global networking women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO) and of the Department of Statistics of the International Labour Office. It benefitted from contributions of national experts from countries as diverse as Mexico, India, Mauritius and South Africa.
• Since the adoption of the statistical standards on informality, the ILO Department of Statistics has been active in providing assistance to countries on the measurement of employment in the informal sector and on informal employment, using labour force surveys as the measurement methodology. Assistance has been provided in the form of regional training workshops or directly in the countries. Countries in all regions have been covered, and have included, Albania from the ECE region. The ILO Department of Statistics is planning to strengthen the capacity of national statistical offices to collect information on the informal sector using area-based establishment surveys or mixed surveys.
• In collaboration with WIEGO, the ILO published in 2012 an update of the publication Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A Statistical Picture. The publication presents the latest available national data on informal employment and informal sector employment as well as newly revised regional estimates.
Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment
• The ILO will continue its methodological work to review and update the international standards on statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment, including the development of measures of labour underutilization. The updated draft standards will be presented at the 19th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS) in October 2013 for discussion and possible adoption.
• A Tripartite Meeting of Experts, to be held in Geneva on 27 January – 1 February 2013, will discuss and make recommendations on proposals to update the international standards of statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment with a view to advise the Office on its preparation of revised draft standards for submission to the 19th ICLS.
• In collaboration with interested countries, in 2013, the ILO will carry out pilot tests to assess the operational implementation of some of the proposals to update the international standards on statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment.
• The ILO will continue its methodological work to develop a modular core set of model labour force survey materials based on international standards and best practices. The materials aim to serve as guiding tools for countries and practitioners' working in the design and/or review of labour force surveys or labour force modules for attachment to multipurpose household surveys.
• The methodological information of national labour force or other household-based surveys around the world has been updated as a key starting point for reform of the technical advice and support provided to countries to facilitate the production of better-quality labour statistics. Over 170 surveys from about 160 countries are described, at http://laborsta.ilo.org/applv8/data/SSM3_NEW/E/SSM3.html.
• Training and technical assistance will continue to be provided, giving emphasis on
Direct technical assistance:
• The ILO will continue to provide technical assistance to countries with the design, implementation and/or review of national labour force surveys.
• Developmental work is under way to produce statistics on cooperatives in collaboration with COOP. Measurement of cooperatives will be recommended in ongoing technical assistance to countries.
2.4 Sectoral statistics (ILO)
2.4.5 Tourism (ILO)
• On the basis of an agreement which sets the framework for cooperation, the ILO and the World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) will continue collaborating in the area of employment and decent work in tourism. The agreement was approved by the ILO Governing Body at its 301st Session (March 2008) and ratified by the General Assembly of the UNWTO. Prior to the agreement, a new chapter on employment in the tourism industries was prepared and included in the 2008 International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics.
• The agreement is geared towards (a) improvement of reliability of data on employment in the tourism industries; (b) setting up and testing of a core set of decent work statistical indicators for measuring progress towards decent work in the tourism industries; (c) development of international guidelines on best practices of measuring employment in the tourism industries.
• It is expected that the above Agreement will be revised in the course of 2013 and a new MoU will be signed by the two organizations. The ILO Department of Statistics will collaborate with the UNWTO in the preparation of the Compilation Guide for Chapter 7 of the International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics 2008 (IRTS-08).
2.5 Government finance, fiscal and public sector statistics (ILO)
Social protection expenditure and revenues
• The ILO Social Security Inquiry will continue collection of statistics on social security expenditure and financing; its methodological approach is compatible as far as possible with the SNA, the Eurostat-ESSPROS approach to social protection revenue and expenditure statistics, the OECD Social Protection Expenditure database and the IMF's 2001 Government Finance Statistics guidelines (see 1.6 for more details).
2.7 Prices (ILO)
• The ILO, as a focal point for consumer price indices within the UN system, continues to:
i) collect and disseminate annual and monthly consumer price indices for some 200 countries and to produce and disseminate descriptions of the national methodologies underlying these indices;
ii) promote implementation of the international standards on CPI; and
iii) provide technical assistance to member States.
• With monthly periodicity ILO produces regional and global estimates of CPI inflation for all-items and food group.
• In addition to the regular updating of the CPI annual and monthly series, the updating of the methodological descriptions of national CP series started in 2012 and will be completed in 2013. It is being done in cooperation with FAO.
• In collaboration with the African Development Bank, the ILO is organazing a meeting on Consumer Price Indices that will take place in the second quarter of 2013.
• The ILO continues to actively participate in the work of the Inter-Secretariat Working Group on Price Statistics (IWGPS). As an agency responsible for the coordination of future revisions of the CPI Manual, ILO will continue maintaining the electronic version of the CPI manual on-line (see http://www.ilo.org/stat/index.htm). A number of chapters have already been updated. The webpage contains the original version, errata and the latest corrected version.
2.8 Labour cost (ILO)
• A manual on measurement of wages will be prepared that will provide guidance concerning the various concepts of income related to employment (i.e. labour cost, earnings, wage rates, and employment-related income including income related to paid employment and income related to self employment and their relationships and the different approaches to measuring wages through establishments-based data collection instruments (censuses and surveys),, households-based instruments and administrative records. This manual will be developed in collaboration with other international organisations and with national statistical offices.
• The methodological information of household-based and establishment-based surveys around the world has been updated as a key starting point for reform of the technical advice and support provided to countries to facilitate the production of better-quality labour statistics. Over 170 surveys from over 80 countries are described, at http://laborsta.ilo.org/applv8/data/SSM2_NEW/E/main.html.
• Training and technical assistance will continue to be provided.
• Up-to date short-term data and annual data on various wage-related indicators are available on two ILO statistical websites: LABORSTA accessible at http://laborsta.ilo.org and ILOSTAT accessible at www.ilo.org/ilostat.
• Data on current minimum wages and the legal framework are regularly compiled and are available on the ILO website at:
3. Environment and multi-domain statistics (ILO)
3.3 Multi-domain statistics and indicators (ILO)
3.3.2 Gender and special population groups (ILO)
• Since the adoption of the guidelines for mainstreaming gender in labour statistics by the 17th ICLS in 2003, the ILO has been active in providing technical assistance to countries wishing to start a national programme of gender statistics. The technical assistance has been carried out directly to countries, such as Moldova and Macedonia in the ECE region, or as part of regional workshops, organised by the ILO or by other UN agencies. The ILO Department of Statistics will continue providing technical assistance as required. In order to increase visibility of gender in national production of statistics, the ILO will make available materials online for users and producers of statistics, interested in gender mainstreaming in labour statistics.
• Since 1973, the ILO has compiled national statistics on employment, unemployment, wages and hours of work by sex, on an annual basis. It also compiled, on an ad-hoc basis, statistics on employment by detailed occupational groups and sex. All these statistics are useful to understand the situation of men and women in the labour market. However, they are not enough. As the international guidelines stipulate, there are many other topics of significant importance to gender concerns, as well as specific breakdowns – most notably, by sex, family composition - for which no international compilation exists. The ILO Department of Statistics plans to assess the feasibility of such an international compilation for a selected number of topics.
• A paper on the definition and measurement of violence at work has been prepared and will be presented as a room document at the 19th ICLS.
• The ILO has developed methodologies for child labour surveys, which have been or are being implemented in almost 80 countries at the national level, including 10 countries in Europe and Central Asia. In many countries, repeater national child labour surveys have been conducted. In addition, in most of these countries several baseline surveys and rapid assessments have been supported, targeting data collection for specific issues on child labour in particular geographical locations.
• The ILO has developed a series of manuals and training materials covering different areas critical to efficient data collection, namely, sampling, field operations, questionnaire development, data processing and the analysis of child labour data. These are available on-line at http://www.ilo.org/ipec/ChildlabourstatisticsSIMPOC/Manuals/lang--en/index.htm.
• The ILO has aided national capacity building activities by providing training on child labour data collection, developing a child labour data repository, and information sharing among different departments for national and international policy development.
• The ILO continues to provide technical assistance, often with accompanying financial support, to national statistics offices and other implementing agencies in order to enhance their capacity and improve the quality of child labour surveys.
• The ILO has teamed up with the World Bank, UNICEF, UNESCO and other international agencies in an effort to harmonize child labour data, child labour survey instruments, and child labour research efforts.
• International statistical measurement standards on child labour were established at the 18th ICLS (Geneva, 24 November - 5 December 2008).
• The ILO is pilot testing in selected countries methodologies for making national level and area specific estimates of the worst forms of child labour other than hazardous work, as for commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC).
Data collection and dissemination:
• To promote sustainability of child labour data collection, ILO advises countries with scarce financial and personnel resources to combine the labour force and national child labour survey in view of similarity in the structure of the questionnaires.
• The child labour data collected through ILO supported child labour surveys, is available to interested researchers.
• The ILO data archive on child labour is the largest micro-data repositories on child labour and is continually updated. It provides micro data, meta data, survey questionnaires, and national reports from ILO supported child labour surveys and is available on-line at
http://www.ilo.org/ipec/ChildlabourstatisticsSIMPOC/lang--en/index.htm as well as off-line.
• A database system hosted by ILO called CLInfo, which helps organize and present a set of standardized indicators on child labour and other children activities (as a variation of DevInfo) has been available on-line since October 2009. CLInfo will expand the access to, and usages of, child labour data from ILO supported surveys, as well as raise awareness and assist in informed policy making on child labour.3.3.5 Indicators related to the Millennium Development Goals (ILO)
• ILO, as the lead UN agency promoting full, productive employment and decent work for all has central responsibility for ensuring that all MDG employment indicators are used in national and international labour market monitoring systems. Embedding these indicators in national development strategies is also a foundation stone for Decent Work Country Programmes.
• In order to facilitate calculations, and analysis of the MDG labour related indicators but also to highlight the definitions and the potential sources of data, ILO has organised a number of workshops that support country-level analysis of the indicators, and explain the linkages between the MDG employment indicators and the broader set of decent work indicators. The second edition of the Guide to the Millennium Development Goals Employment Indicators was completed in 2012.
• As in the previous year the ILO has prepared global, regional and country estimates, monitored the progress and analysed the trends of the following 5 MDG indicators:
- Growth rate of GDP per person employed;
- Employment-to-population ratio;
- Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day;
- Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment;
- Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector.
4. Methodology of data collection, processing, dissemination and analysis (ILO)
4.2 Classifications (ILO)
• The ILO Department of Statistics provided technical support to Eurostat and member states on the implementation the International Standard Classification of Occupations, 2008 (ISCO-08) in European and national statistical collections. This was achieved primarily by means of a Web forum hosted by Eurostat but also involved direct assistance to a number of countries.
• Data on occupation have been classified according to ISCO-08 in all relevant European Union collections from 2011 onwards.
• The English version of ISCO-08 was released as an ILO publication in May 2012. Work is proceeding to provide versions in French, Spanish and Russian. Documentation is available on the ILO Website in English, French and Spanish. http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/stat/isco/isco88/index.htm.
• All inquiries should be addressed to ISCO@ilo.org.
4.3 Data sources (ILO)
4.3.1 Population and housing censuses, registers of population, dwellings and buildings (ILO)
Economic characteristics in Population Censuses
• The Department of Statistics will continue actively promoting the jointly published UN Statistics Division/ILO Handbook on the Measurement of the Economically Active Population through Population Censuses through training and seminars and providing technical advice, upon request.
4.5 Dissemination, data warehousing (ILO)
• The Department of Statistics website including the databases and dissemination applications have been reviewed and restructured in 2011 in accordance with the anticipated changes in data collection methods. The new relational database, named ILOSTAT (www.ilo.org/ilostat), is interactive, user-friendly and offers up-to-date information on decent work statistics. It was launched publicly in December 2012, and includes yearly data for 2009 and 2010. Historical data and metadata are still available on the ILO’s previous statistical Website LABORSTA (http://laborsta.ilo.org) and gradually will be migrated into ILOSTAT during first quarter 2013. ILOSTAT gives users access to a broad range of data and makes it possible to view and download information free of charge. The associated national meta-information for each series is also available on-line on the Web site. The website is trilingual in English, French and Spanish, and it will continue to be maintained and developed in these three languages. • LABORSTA was maintained and updated on a weekly basis up through the end of the 2012. Although the site remains available, it is no longer being maintained or updated.
• In line with the collection of new statistical material, the entire program of dissemination through printed publications and CD-ROMs will be revised and enhanced. The main dissemination tool will be the Department's new data dissemination website, which will be updated weekly.
• Short Term Indicators database, launched during 2010 comprising monthly and quarterly information from about 100 countries and territories, will be fully integrated to the new ILOSTAT database in first quarter 2013.
• The collection and dissemination of data through SDMX (Statistical Data and Metadata Exchange) will be implemented in 2013 as to give users and data providers the possibility of interchanging data electronically.
5. Strategic and managerial issues of official statistics (ILO)
5.2 Statistical programmes, priority setting, relationships with users and respondents (ILO)
• The ILO Department of Statistic was established in May 2009, which replaced the former ILO Bureau of Statistics, and is responsible, inter alia, for compiling and making available in a timely manner ILO statistics on the four pillars of Decent Work. Besides, it is responsible of coordinating the international standards setting of labour and decent work statistics and for hosting the International Conference of Labour Statisticians. The compilation, quality control and dissemination of ILO statistical information is now centrally managed and coordinated by the Department of Statistics. All statistical methodologies and databases carried out by different units within sectors and regions are coordinated by the Department of Statistics. All units, regions and sectors are requested to seek technical clearance from the Department of Statistics before disseminating and publishing global and regional statistical data.
• The Department defines and implements a statistical capacity-building programme for the Office and its constituents.
• The Director of the Department of Statistics serves as the ILO Chief Statistician and is consulted on all matters of data collection, statistical methodologies and major publications and releases of ILO statistical information.
5.5 Technological resources (including standards for electronic data exchange and data sharing) (ILO)
Statistical Information Collection and Processing
• An important effort was made to collect and disseminate new statistics and indicators, for short term and also annual data. The new data collection application was designed following the General Statistical Business Process Model (GSBPM), and included the definition of a new coding framework, including coded metadata and annotations system.
• The day to day operations were improved by means of using a tracking information system for monitoring the evolution of the data through the workflow, thus improving the overall quality of the Department outputs.
• As part of the new information system, all the satellite applications were migrated from a SAS (Statistical Analysis Software) environment to the new Oracle environment, and the use of the SAS software is now limited to the processing of data for the purpose of data depuration and statistical analysis.
• As regards data collection, electronic questionnaires will be relied upon to a greater extent to collect data on new as well as more traditional indicators. Data received through electronic questionnaires will be automatically uploaded into the database for prompt dissemination. We will also continue to explore the possibilities of joint data collection with other international agencies (Eurostat, OECD, IMF and others), in order to alleviate the reporting burden on countries by similar international questionnaires. The possibility of exchanging data with EUROSTAT and OECD through SDMX already in place for the Short Term Indicators database, will be expanded during 2013 for other topics and regions.
• The Sources & Methods database, comprising detailed information about methodologies used in the data production by the NSI's, will be adapted to conform to the DDI2 standard.
5.7 Technical cooperation and capacity building programmes (ILO)
• The statistical capabilities of ILO constituents vary, and a considerable upgrading of capacity is needed in many areas. The ILO provides technical support for labour and decent work statistics to member States in the form of technical advice and assistance, training, manuals, and technical cooperation projects. This assistance is provided under the auspices of the ILO's Decent Work Country Programmes. It is demand-driven, depending on the availability of resources. Requests for assistance may derive from the application of the Labour Statistics Convention 1985 (160).
• Technical assistance is served from the ILO Offices in Bangkok, Dakar, Santiago, Pretoria, Budapest, Moscow, and by National Coordinators, as well as from the ILO Headquarters in Geneva.
Training Programme of the ILO Department of Statistics
• The ILO Department of Statistics maintains its training programme to support:
a) ILO constituents to increase their capacity to produce reliable statistics and labour market information for the best use in effective decision-making, to achieve decent work for all and;
b) to enhance ILO staff knowledge and use of modern statistical methods regarding data collection and analysis so as to optimize their service to member States, to assist them to meet their goals of Decent Work for all.
• The ILO will conduct its annual LMI2 course on "Designing labour force surveys and labour force modules for household surveys". The course in English will take place on 15-19 April 2013 at the ILO Training Center in Turin, Italy. Planning for the French version of this course will take place in the course of 2013.