1.8 Justice and crime (UNODC)
Crime and Criminal Justice
Ongoing methodological work and priority objective of the methodological work:
• Collection, analysis and publication of data from the United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems. The Survey is conducted in co-operation with the UN Statistics Division, DESA and, for countries in Europe, the Statistical Office of the European Communities. The Survey addresses all manner of national level criminal justice: police, courts, prosecution, prisons, and national data collection capacities.
• Maintenance of the global homicide statistics database.
• Crime data are available at http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/crimedata.html.
• Supporting international efforts of comparative analysis, including serving the secretariat for the CES Task Force on Crime Classification; consultations with Eurostat on comparable crime statistics; participation in the Expert Group on "Towards comparable information on crime and victimisation - an EU-wide approach", established by the European Commission, DG-JLS; Consultations with Interpol on international police crime statistics; Consultation with UN Agencies on Expert Group on Crime data Collection; participation in the European Sourcebook on Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics; Consultations with the working groups on the CVS.
• Development of methodology to measure types of crime which may not be entirely visible in crimes recorded by relevant national authorities such as corruption and organized crime.
• Support to countries to improve their crime statistics systems.
New activities to be undertaken in the next year:
• Finalization of the following regional/global Reports: Global Report on Homicides, Crime in Africa, Corruption in the Western Balkans, The Impact of the financial crises on crime.
• National and regional training workshops to improve crime and criminal justice statistic systems in the Western Balkans.
• Support to the implementation of victimization and corruption surveys in requesting countries.
• Establishment of the center of excellence on crime statistics in INEGI, Mexico with the purpose of supporting countries in the region to improve their crime statistics systems and develop a laboratory for developing/improving methodology on the conducting of victimization survey and the recording of crime in administrative records.
• Develop an on-line data collection portal on the web to facilitate countries to report their crime data.
• Development of methodologies for improving data quality and data dissemination.
Ongoing methodological work and Priority objective of the methodological work:
• Ongoing collection, analysis and publication of data on global illicit drugs. Covering a period of more than 15 years, the UNODC database contains more than 100,000 entries related to various aspects of worldwide illicit drug production, trafficking and demand. The data is collected primarily from the Annual Reports Questionnaire (ARQ) received from governments and supplemented by other sources, including UNODC surveys in various countries. Thousands of new entries are added every year and an effort is now being made to search archives and retroactively expand time series. A data-matching system involving UNODC, Interpol and WCO is now resulting in improved data on significant individual seizures cases.
• Ongoing work on the publication series including the World Drug Report, a Bulletin on Narcotics and Studies on Drugs and Crime monographs.
• Assessment and analysis of global trends in drugs and crime, for integrated comparative analysis.
• Assistance to countries to monitor the cultivation of illicit crops and the production of illicit drugs.
New activities to be undertaken in the next year:
• Improvement of the methodology to estimate cocaine production;
• Assistance to undertake drug-use surveys and improve drug monitoring systems in requesting countries;
• National/regional workshops to improve the international data collection on illicit drugs through the newly approved ARQ.
4. Methodology of data collection, processing, dissemination and analysis (UNODC)
4.3.3 Household surveys (UNODC)
Crime Victim Surveys (CVS)
Taking into account the experience of the International Crime Victim Survey (ICVS) and the EU International Crime Survey (EUICS), UNODC aims at supporting courtiers to implement internationally comparable crime victim surveys. It promotes the UNODC-UNECE Manual on victim surveys and provide technical support to requesting countries. Development of methodology in the area of both general population and sector-specific corruption and anti-corruption surveys.
4.3.4 Business and agricultural surveys (UNODC)
Crime and Corruption Business Survey (CCBS)
Based on previous business surveys (International Commercial Crime Survey, 1994-96 and International Crime Business Survey, 2000) and within the framework of the recent cooperation agreement with the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), UNODC has produced a questionnaire and methodology for international standardized Crime and Corruption Business Surveys (CCBS). The questionnaire addresses bribery/ corruption, fraud, extortion and several forms of crime, which impact on business and industry. Pilot surveys were conducted in 2005/06 Bulgaria and Canada with small samples of businesses. Results were analyzed in view of further refining the methodology, assessing the average length of interviews, and addressing any problems encountered (language, sensitive issues, etc...).