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The Database of International Statistical Activities (DISA) lists the activities of over 30 statistical organizations active in the UNECE region. Updated every year, DISA is a coherent catalogue of planned work in international statistics over the coming year.  

2.2 Economic accounts

Theme 2.01 Annual economic accounts

1. Description

Annual national accounts play a fundamental role in the examination of many key policy questions for the European Union. They provide key economic and monetary policy indicators and basic information for the own resources system, the regional and structural funds, the excessive deficit procedure, and the growth and stability pact. The data are used by the Commission and the European Central Bank (ECB), as well as by national governments, social partners, financial markets and economic analysts. Annual national accounts also constitute the basis for many structural indicators required by the European Council. As well as providing a wealth of detail, the annual economic accounts provide a solid framework and benchmark for quarterly estimates (Theme 2.02) and calculation of own resources (Theme 2.05).
Harmonised data are compiled and transmitted by all Member States in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA95), which is the EU version of the world-level System of National Accounts. Data are transmitted by EU Member States to Eurostat in accordance with the transmission programme set out in annex B of the ESA regulation.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

Eurostat and the Member States will continue methodological work and in particular will continue to participate actively in the update of the world-level system of National Accounts (SNA93) and will pursue the revision of the European System of Accounts (ESA95) which should in general be consistent with the SNA. Assessing the quality of the implementation of important methodological improvements will also be a key task. These methodological improvements include, in particular, improved price and volume measures in national accounts and the development of satellite accounts and supplementary tables.
Eurostat and the Member States will actively work to ensure the successful implementation of the ESA95 data transmission programme. Efforts to further improve data quality will continue to be of particular importance. Attention will be particularly devoted to the quality of labour input data for measuring productivity in the context of the Lisbon strategy and to progressive integration of parts of the statistical module of the EU KLEMS (EU level analysis of capital (K), labour (L), energy (E), materials (M) and service (S) inputs) dataset in the European Statistical System. Furthermore, the integration of non-financial and financial accounts will continue to be pursued, along with cooperation with the services responsible for balance of payments and foreign trade statistics. Eurostat will further step up its efforts to produce supply-and-use and input-output tables, notably for the euro area and European Union, in particular with a view to enhancing completeness and quality. In regional accounts, Eurostat will finalise the methodological work undertaken by the regional accounts task force on the methodology for compiling regional GDP.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Conduct satisfactory discussions on review of SNA with Member States in Eurostat's National Accounts and Financial Accounts Working Groups, and at international level notably in the Inter-Secretariat Working Group on National Accounts. Pursue work on the update of the SNA;
  • Pursue work on the revision of ESA 95 including the drafting of new chapters;
  • Assess quality of implementation of ESA 95 including, in particular, improved price and volume measures in national accounts, development of satellite accounts and supplementary tables and drawing conclusions for future work;
  • Ensure complete and timely availability of national accounts data, ensure production and dissemination of EU/EA accounts data;
  • Ensure complete and timely availability of sector accounts data, ensure production and dissemination of EU/EA sector accounts data;
  • Ensure complete and timely availability of supply, use and symmetric input-output tables; improve quality of data with a view to consistency among the tables and with corresponding national accounts data;
  • Ensure complete and timely availability of regional accounts data;
  • Progressively integrate parts of the EU KLEMS project in the ESS.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • Evaluation of the implementation of ESA 95 and impact assessment of the introduction of the new ESA are being undertaken in 2008.

Expected results:

  • Improve the efficiency of the introduction of the new ESA.
Theme 2.02 Quarterly accounts

1. Description

Quarterly national accounts play a fundamental role for economic analysis in general and in particular for the definition of economic policies by governments and by the Commission and for the monitoring of the single currency by the European Central Bank. Quarterly national accounts figures are also relevant for other institutional users, private users and financial markets. Particular attention is paid to the compilation of EU/EA (euro area) aggregates, which are very important for comparisons with the economies of the US and Japan. To meet user needs, great importance is attached to quality, coverage, timeliness and punctuality and to the full integration of the new Member States.
Harmonised data are compiled by all Member States in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA95), which is the EU version of the world-level System of National Accounts. They are transmitted by EU Member States to Eurostat in accordance with the transmission programme set out in annex B of the ESA regulation.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

Eurostat and Member States will actively work to ensure the successful implementation of the data transmission programme for the European System of Accounts under ESA 95 for national and regional accounts. Efforts to further improve data quality will continue to be of particular importance. Moreover, efforts will be made to further improve the coordination of release dates for quarterly national accounts with Member States.
On the methodological side, the emphasis will be on improving quality aspects of quarterly national accounts and quarterly accounts for institutional sectors. The analysis of the coherence between different parts of the accounts will continue devoting particular attention to volume measures, seasonal adjustment aspects, relation with the input/output framework and overall coherence of the accounts.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Ensure complete and timely availability of quarterly national accounts data, ensure production and dissemination of EU/EA quarterly accounts data;
  • Ensure complete and timely availability of quarterly sector accounts data, ensure production and dissemination of EU/EA quarterly sector accounts data;
  • Coordinate release dates with Member States.

2.2.2.New work

  • Improve quality of quarterly national accounts and quarterly accounts for institutional sectors, notably seasonal adjustment and volume measures;
  • Improve the overall coherence of the accounts, notably within EA accounts between main aggregates, sector accounts and the input/output framework.
Theme 2.05 Monitoring own resources

1. Description

National accounts data play a prominent role in calculating the contributions by the Member States to the EU budget.
For the VAT-based "third" resource, Member States' VAT receipts are adjusted using detailed national accounts data to correct for the fact countries do not all apply the harmonised EU VAT rules, having different rates and coverage of products. Every year, Member States provide a detailed VAT declaration including the calculation of several adjustment factors based on national accounts. In cooperation with DG BUDG, Eurostat carries out a detailed verification of the figures and the calculations.
Gross National Income (GNI, formerly Gross National Product - GNP) constitutes the basis for allocating the GNI-based "fourth" resource. Together with the GNI Committee, Eurostat verifies the reliability, comparability and exhaustiveness of the data provided each year by countries.
Together, the VAT-based and the GNI-based resources represent about 80% of EU budget receipts.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

During 2009, the quality of national accounts data used for budgetary purposes must be verified and further improved in the ways listed below, based on the revised/new inventories of their sources and methods for compiling GNI transmitted by the Member States at end 2006 and in 2007. All Member States have also compiled or should compile process tables and integrate them in their GNI inventories. The process tables will increase the transparency and quality of GNI inventories. EU-10 will be fully integrated in the system. Bulgaria and Romania will start preparing the GNI inventories so that they can be integrated in the system. Eurostat will continue to analyze and assess GNI inventories in 2009. Eurostat will also carry out more direct verification of the data provided in the annual GNI questionnaires. The Commission will verify the declarations from about eleven Member States for the VAT-based resource.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Analyse and assess new EU-15 inventories on changes in sources and methods for compiling GNI;
  • Analyse and assess EU-10 inventories of sources and methods for compiling GNI;
  • Carry out GNI missions in the Member States;
  • Carry out more direct verification of the data provided in the annual GNI questionnaires;
  • Verify declarations for VAT-based resource for about 11 countries (chosen by DG BUDG).

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • Direct verification of GNI data will be done on the basis of selected areas, taking into account resource constraints in the Member States.

Expected results:

  • Limiting Member States' extra work in terms of staff involvement.

2.3 Business statistics

Theme 3.01 Annual business statistics

1. Description

Structural Business Statistics (SBS) contain detailed data covering all business activities, broken down to the 4-digit level of the NACE Rev 1.1 activity classification, by size classes and by regions (2-digit NUTS). A large number of variables are provided. The recast of the Regulation adopted in 2008 has its first reference year 2008. The medium-term strategy is to achieve full implementation in all Member States of the new requirements in the Regulation regarding services statistics and business demography, assure the quality of the data, re-engineer methods and sources for the data collection and carry out the prioritised pilot studies set out in the Regulation.
Inward FATS comprise a number of characteristics for the structure and activity of the foreign affiliates in the reporting country that are needed for evaluating the extent of globalisation of the EU economy and the effectiveness of the internal market. The medium-term strategy will focus on full implementation of the requirements of the FATS Regulation and completing the pilot studies.
Prodcom covers production statistics in value and volume of about 3900 products defined in an annually revised Prodcom list. Its medium-term strategy will be oriented towards quality improvements with emphasis on completeness of EU aggregates as well as further methodological harmonisation.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

For structural business statistics implementation of the new requirements and introduction of NACE Rev 2 are key priorities. Efforts to achieve a more effective data transmission and production system will continue. The quality assurance process will be examined together with Member States aiming at a revised implementing Commission Regulation on quality. The development programme will continue focusing on two main areas: i) pilot actions and the flexible module of the SBS recast to respond to new user needs and ii) implementing a programme for re-engineering business statistics that will be focused on reducing the burden on business through smarter ways of collecting data.
The implementation of the FATS Regulation will continue and the first pilot studies will be examined as regards possible inclusion in the regulation as mandatory.
The priority for Prodcom in 2009 will be to develop publications that depend on complete EU data. Efforts will continue to ensure harmonisation of Prodcom data delivered to Eurostat and ways to minimise the burden on businesses will be further examined.
For both SBS and Prodcom, the number of confidential EU aggregates is a major user complaint and it must be minimised, among other things, by using rounding methods.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Improve overall compliance and disseminate definitive SBS statistics for 2007 and preliminary statistics for 2008 according to schedule and maximise the completeness of EU aggregates. Collect and disseminate statistics on steel industry according to Regulation 48/2004;
  • Support Member States in the implementation of NACE Rev 2 in SBS and start preparation of 2008 data in both NACE Rev 1.1 and 2;
  • Improve transmission and validation tools and carry out the quality action plan for SBS;
  • Continue voluntary data collections on business demography and business services and implement the new requirements for reference year 2008;
  • Ensure the implementation of the new requirements in the new SBS Regulation. Develop methods and specifications for pilot actions and plan the application of the flexible module;
  • Ensure the implementation of the requirements of the new FATS Regulation and the Recommendations Manual (on Inward FATS). Pilot studies for Inward FATS to be carried out and follow-up actions to be taken;
  • Monitor the quality of 2008 Prodcom data and disseminate it. Implement Nace Rev 2 in terms of the Prodcom list 2008. Maximise completeness of Prodcom EU totals by minimising the confidential cells as far as possible;
  • Set up the 2010 Prodcom list.

2.2.2.New work

  • Re-engineer annual business statistics, mainly by taking advantage of the MEETS-program. Make sure that the Eurostat annual work program and the MEETS-program are consistent.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • In the new Structural Business Statistics (SBS) some characteristics have been deleted. This simplification will enter into force for the reference year 2008;
  • A programme for re-engineering business statistics will be put in place in 2009 through the MEETS programme (Modernisation of European Enterprise and Trade Statistics), which is expected to be adopted by the European Parliament and the Council in late 2008. The annual work programmes for MEETS will be decided under comitology and the first year will be 2009. The programme is consistent with the Commission initiative for better regulation of the European Union, and with the Commission Communication on reducing the response burden, simplification and priority setting in the field of Community statistics.

Expected results:

  • The deleted characteristics will reduce the resources needed both by businesses and Member States;
  • Several of the actions in the MEETS programme will lead to reduced burden, such as actions on i) the identification of areas of lesser importance in business statistics, ii) improving of consistency between legal acts and methodologies in the area of business statistics, iii) support of actions that might reduce the burden on business like European Sample Schemes, iv) support the better use of existing data by means of data linking, v) support the use of administrative data.
Theme 3.02 Short-term business statistics

1. Description

Short-term business statistics (STS) comprise monthly and quarterly economic indicators, such as the index of industrial production, output prices, construction production, retail trade turnover, etc. for the Member States, the EU and the euro area. The indicators cover eight out of nineteen Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEIs) and almost half of Eurostat's regular News Releases. These data are closely followed by economic analysts in the Commission and the European Central Bank, as well as in national governments and in the private sector and financial markets.
The constant requirement is to make the data rapid but reliable while at the same time limiting the statistical reporting burden on enterprises.
Historically, such short-term statistics are mainly related to manufacturing and construction; in the years ahead the main challenge is to develop and consolidate the short-term data on service activities.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

During 2009 the main priority will be to maintain a rapid and reliable supply of indicators and to improve and consolidate the quality of the data.
Member States will deliver Short-term statistics for the first time according to NACE rev 2 in the first months of 2009. This involves a complete revision of all the monthly and quarterly series, backcast to the year 2000. This completely new data set will pose several challenges in consolidation, quality checking and seasonal adjustment during 2009.
The service producer price indices (SPPI) will finally become fully available following the ending of numerous derogations that have been in place since SPPI were introduced into the Regulation in 2005.
A rolling review is planned for the first half of 2009 to assess the satisfaction of users with the STS indicators. In the second half, work will begin on a new cycle of measurements of the cost for national statistical offices and the burden on businesses involved in compiling these statistics as well as ways to reduce the cost and burden.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Timely produce existing indicators and publish them;
  • Manage successful transition to NACE rev 2, with historic series calculated back to 2000.

2.2.2.New work

  • Publish complete set of service producer price indices at European level;
  • Implement new European sample schemes based on NACE rev 2 and CPA2008;
  • Analyse quality through sources and methods ("PEEI in focus") - in 2009 for industrial new orders;
  • Have the Commission Regulation to introduce new variables following feasibility studies stipulated in 2005 amending existing regulation adopted.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • Rolling review of STS indicators;
  • Promote the exchange of best practices between Member States on ways to reduce the burden on enterprises.

Expected results:

  • Reassessment of user needs and priorities;
  • More efficient collection methods.

2.4 Sectoral statistics

Theme 4.01 Agricultural production

1. Description

Agricultural production statistics include crop and animal production data. Crop production statistics cover the field of cereal production and the other productions resulting from field crops (on the basis of existing legislation), the production of fruits and vegetables, the supply balance sheets of wine (on a legal basis) and of other crop products. Crop statistics cover also structural data on orchards and vineyards (on a legal basis). Animal production statistics cover (on the basis of existing legislation) livestock surveys as well as meat, milk and poultry statistics. The crop and animal production statistics play a key role not only in the design, implementation and monitoring of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) but also contribute to ensuring food and feed safety in the European Union. These data is then used by the European and national institutions, third countries' administrations, stakeholders, scientists and the general public for policy making, risk management, market analysis, production forecasts, research, information, etc.
Opportunity and actuality implies that the data available to users have the ability to satisfy their needs and requirements on statistical information. Besides that, considerable effort is taken to ensure data quality at the level of compiling the agricultural production statistics, but additional quality checks are indispensable to detect and correct observed weaknesses in the data. To this purposes in-depth validation processes fdata collection and dissemination are launched. Several validation tools (i.e. AGRIS, etc.) play an important role in validating the consistency and coherence of agricultural statistics. Nevertheless, a more integrated approach involving pre-validation rules within the new eDAMIS (Electronic Data files Administration and Management Information System) web forms for the collection and validation of agricultural statistics is expected to be in place by 2009.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

The collection, validation and dissemination of crop and animal production statistics will be modernised and simplified. New legislation for crop products statistics will be finalised and the work programme for wine, fruit and vegetable statistics will be reviewed in the light of the reformed common market organisations.
New legislation for crop products statistics (merging the two current Regulations 837/90 and 959/93 and integrating fruit and vegetable statistics) is planned, after approval by the EP and Council, to be implemented from 1st January 2010 onwards and the data producer manual will be released. The work program on structural data for vineyard and orchards statistics will be reviewed in the light of the reformed common market organizations and the outcome of the latest surveys. A report on the 2007 orchard survey will be transmitted to the EP and Council. The implementation of a new Regulation integrating the three former "livestock and meat" directives is scheduled for January 2009.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Finalise the implementation of the new eDAMIS web form system for data collection and pre-validation;
  • Process and validate data of agricultural production statistics with public dissemination of the data within one month after the agreed transmission deadline.

2.2.2.New work

  • Get approval, in cooperation with the members of the Working party, of empirical definitions for the elaboration of agricultural production statistics;
  • Improve the quality and harmonisation of the data, collection and evaluation of methodological inventories.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • The implementation of the new electronic eDAMIS web forms system for the collection of agricultural statistics;
  • The permission to use data sources other than specific surveys (e.g. national livestock identification and registration systems).

Expected results:

  • It is expected that the new system will increase data transmission efficiency, reduce the administrative burden and improve the quality of data;
  • This will reduce the burden on data providers and a reduction in response time can be expected.
Theme 4.02 Agricultural structures

1. Description

Statistics on agricultural structures include the Farm Structure Survey (FSS) as well as the future Survey on Agricultural Production Methods (SAPM). This statistical information plays a key role in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the CAP. The EU farm structure surveys are the backbone of the agricultural statistical system. They provide micro-data on the agricultural labour force, land use, livestock, equipment and non-agricultural activities and they are the statistical basis for sample surveys on land use, livestock and agricultural income. The farm typology processed on the FSS is the key used in the farm accountancy data network.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

The dissemination and processing of the FSS data (ad hoc tables) will be a priority, as well as the adaptation of the Eurofarm system in view of the future FSS and SAPM. The 2009/2010 FSS and SAPM will be carried out in Greece, Spain and Portugal and be prepared in the other EU Member States.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Develop and update the Eurofarm database for future FSS and SAPM;
  • Carry out the agricultural census in EL, ES and PT and prepare its implementation in the other EU Member States;
  • Collect standard gross margin (SGM) and standard output (SO) coefficients (reference 2004);
  • Process data for the Eurofarm domain, including farm typology calculation; data therefrom will be re-disseminated in derived domains (regional statistics, rural development, agri-environment, food safety) and in response to ad hoc requests;
  • Agree on the anonymisation criteria to be used when giving access of researchers to the micro-data.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • Task force on farm registers.

Expected results:

  • Increased use of administrative sources.
Theme 4.03 Land use and land cover

1. Description

Land cover and land use are of high importance in the definition and evaluation of common agricultural and environment policies. The LUCAS (Land Use/Cover Area frame statistical Survey) project was launched by Decision No 1445/2000/EC dealing with the application of area frame techniques. The objective is to set up area frame surveys for the provision of i) coherent and harmonised statistics on land use and land cover, ii) information on agriculture, iii) information on the environment, landscapes and sustainable development, iv) ground evidence for calibration of satellite images, v) a register of points for specific surveys (such as soil, biodiversity etc.) and vi) for the core European in-situ data collection network. The focus is on providing comparable and harmonised statistical information on land cover and land use in EU to meet the data needs of the Commission, the EEA and others. This LUCAS survey is the core in-situ data set used for different environmental and agricultural monitoring applications in Europe.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

The key priority for the year 2009 is to implement the largest LUCAS survey so far, covering 23 EU countries. The second key priority is the LUCAS data analysis and dissemination.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Implement the core LUCAS 2009 survey in EU 23 (MT and CY are discarded for methodological reasons, BG and RO in Obj. ID 103);
  • Continue LUCAS 2008/2009 survey in TR;
  • Analyse and disseminate of the LUCAS 2008 survey results (BG, RO and TR);
  • Implement a specific LUCAS soil/environmental survey in EU 23;
  • Launch a Call for Tender for studies on LUCAS. The studies are expected to cover i) the follow-up of study LOT1 2006 on landscape classification, ii) the efficient use of data collected in the surveys 2006-2009 and iii) the preparation of the data and dissemination to end users including the preparation of surveys for the years 2012 and beyond;
  • Update LUCAS software and dissemination architecture;
  • Prepare for future LUCAS surveys and coordinating other land cover/land use data collection activities in co-operation with data users.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • LUCAS is co-ordinated by Eurostat and carried out via award contracts;
  • Independent surveyors will visit the points and record the statistical variables in situ.

Expected results:

  • No direct involvement of the Member States is needed;
  • No involvement of respondents is needed.
Theme 4.04 Agricultural accounts and prices

1. Description

Economic accounts for agriculture (EAA) and prices play a key role in the design, implementation and monitoring of the CAP as well as in the evaluation of the impact of the CAP on the economic and financial situation of the agricultural community. Agricultural price indices (API) are used above all for the analysis of price developments and its effect on agricultural income. The main use for absolute agricultural prices is the comparison of the price level between Member States and the study of sales channels.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

Collection, validation and dissemination of agricultural accounts and prices will continue and be further modernised. Particular attention will be given to the change to the 2005 base year in APIs. This will comprise the implementation of some methodological improvements and facilitate the better validation of API data. Collection and publication of the empirical definitions of absolute agricultural prices. The quality and level of harmonisation of regional EAA will be improved, methodological inventories will be collected and evaluated. A screening of the use of some data, especially the unit values, could be initiated.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Collect and validate data on agri-monetary statistics. Disseminate within one month after the transmission deadline;
  • Collect and validate data on quarterly price indices. Disseminate within one month after the transmission deadline;
  • Validate agri-monetary statistics.

2.2.2.New work

  • Implement the change to the 2005 base year for agricultural price indices;
  • Collect and publish the empirical definitions of absolute agricultural prices;
  • Improve the quality and harmonisation of regional EAA data; collecti and evaluate methodological inventories.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • Screening of the need of unit value statistics;
  • In the course of 2009, eDAMIS (Electronic Data files Administration and Management Information System) web forms will become the Single Entry Point for agro-monetary data received by Eurostat.

Expected results:

  • Discontinuation of the collection and dissemination of this data will reduce the burden on Member States;
  • This major shift from e-mail to eDAMIS will: i) improve data quality and completeness; ii) improve punctuality of data transmission; iii) reinforce the observance of EU legislation; iv) improve data traceability and security from reception to dissemination; v) allow more focus on data validation; vi) reduce burden on data providers.
Theme 4.05 Forestry statistics

1. Description

For this theme Eurostat will continue to cooperate extensively with international bodies (FAO, UNECE and ITTO) in the use and development of the Joint FAO/ECE/Eurostat/ITTO Forest Sector Questionnaire (JFSQ), with which annual data on wood and wood-derived products are collected worldwide, thus avoiding any duplication of effort. The responsibility for collection and management of the data is shared; Eurostat is responsible for the replies of the EU countries and the EFTA countries. These data are the basis for international comparisons and are provided on request to the Commission services, in particular DG Enterprise, DG Environment and DG Agriculture, to the work on the EU Forest Action Plan 2007-2011 and the Ministerial Conference for the Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFE). It also provides some of the indicators needed for the sustainable management of forests and primary wood-based industries, work which needs to be further developed in the future.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

Efforts to make the data provided through the free dissemination (NewCronos) database more user-friendly and timely will be continued. In its 5-7 February 2008 meeting, the Intersecretariat Working Group on Forest Statistics (IWGFS) - responsible for the management of the JFSQ - agreed to strictly respect all deadlines for this questionnaire. This means that provisional data will be uploaded to the free dissemination database in July and at the end of October for use in Eurostat publications. A new pocketbook will be published at the beginning of 2009 (data for 2007); 'Data in focus' and 'Statistics in focus' will be published later, covering 2007 and 2008.
Data collected in 2008 with the questionnaire for Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting for Forests (IEEAF) will also be published and its usefulness will be reviewed, at the very latest for the strategic policy review of 2009.
Data will continue to be provided to projects under the EU Forest Action Plan 2007-2011 and for the indicators of sustainable forest management. Eurostat will also actively contribute to the implementation of the Data Centre on Forest managed by the JRC.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Collect data and update the dissemination database with forest and forest product statistics (annual statistics, reference year 2008) by 31 October 2009;
  • Disseminate statistics for 2007 and 2008 in "Data in focus" and "Statistics in focus";
  • Provide data for projects under the EU Forest Action Plan 2007-2011 (lead: DG Agriculture);
  • Discuss strategic policy review with Member States.

2.2.2.New work

  • Discuss with Member States the exploratory efforts undertaken in 2008 to provide statistics on all state and EU subsidies for forestry.
Theme 4.06 Fisheries statistics

1. Description

The work programme in fisheries statistics will concentrate on adaptations necessary to meet the data requirements of the recent revisions of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). The further integration of the various aspects of the CFP (resource management, sustainability of fisheries, structural policy, socio-economic impact and market policy) might extend the range of data required, placing greater emphasis on data which have until recently received relatively little attention.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

Collection and dissemination of fishery statistics will continue. Data validation techniques will be further developed. New legislation on landings statistics and aquaculture statistics will be implemented. The existing legislation will be scrutinised with a view to ensuring that it is used more efficiently. Migration from a global system of management of fisheries statistics to a more focused and a higher qualitative system.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Continue processing submissions of catch, landings and aquaculture statistics submitted under the terms of EU legislation;
  • Update regularly the NewCronos domain FISH;
  • By October, prepare manuscript of Pocketbook on Fisheries;
  • Update the Statistical Register of Fishing Vessels (April);
  • Prepare a series of Data in Focus and Statistics in Focus on fishery topics;
  • Cooperate in the development of sustainability indicators for fisheries;
  • Cooperate on multilateral and bilateral basis with international agencies and members of the Working Party on Fishery Statistics;
  • Further develop data on employment in the fisheries sector;
  • Develop data on Supply Balance Sheets for the fisheries sector.

2.2.2.New work

  • Implement revised Regulations on landing statistics and on aquaculture statistics;
  • Implement the Action Plan of the Memorandum of Understanding MARE/ESTAT.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • The catch and landings legislation will be rationalised together with DG MARE legislation on data collection regulation and control regulations;
  • In the course of 2009, eDAMIS web forms will be developed for fisheries data received by Eurostat.

Expected results:

  • Elimination of possible discrepancies between data collected by both DGs;
  • This major shift from e-mail to eDAMIS will: i) improve data quality and completeness; ii) improve punctuality of data transmission; iii) reinforce the observance of EU legislation; iv) improve data traceability and security from reception to dissemination; v) allow more focus on data validation; vi) reduce burden on data providers.
Theme 4.07 Agri-environmental statistics

1. Description

The aim of agri-environmental statistics is to develop and maintain a system of agri-environmental indicators for monitoring the integration of environmental concerns into the CAP. The work is based on the conclusions drawn in Commission Communication COM(2006)508 and the subsequent comments from the Agriculture and Fishery Council. A memorandum of understanding has been drawn up between DG AGRI, DG ENV, JRC, Eurostat and the EEA to ensure that already available data are fully used and to pool the different skills and resources of these partners, with the long-term objective of setting up a system for and collecting data on the relation between agriculture and environment for the assessment of the impact of the agricultural policy decisions on the environment. The Commission Communication identified three short-term objectives: consolidating the selected set of indicators, extending the coverage to the new Member States and correcting existing weaknesses. Efforts need to be made for the conceptual and methodological improvement of these indicators and for the collection of the necessary data or better access to existing data, in particular at regional level and on the use of inputs in agriculture.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

Implement the memorandum of understanding, especially create a first full set of data for the indicators of enough maturity and improving the methodological and conceptual framework for the other. Prepare implementation of the Regulation concerning statistics on plant protection products. Follow-up the studies launched in 2008 to develop statistics on other agricultural inputs with high impact on the environment like fertiliser and irrigation water, with the aim of identifying methods for collecting the data in a way optimal for their different uses..

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • By the end of 2009, agree with Member States and with the OECD on the methods used to compile gross nutrient balances at regional level;
  • Evaluate fertiliser statistics and follow-up to the pilot studies launched in 2008 in the Member States;
  • Update the fact sheets on the agri-environmental indicators where Eurostat is in the lead for the indicators where new data are available;
  • Follow up and continue the work on Plant Protection Product risk indicators.

2.2.2.New work

  • Prepare the implementation of the Regulation concerning statistics on plant protection products (transmission format);
  • Analyse the direct and indirect data needs linked to the farms for setting up the agri-environmental indicators and the subsequent consequences for the agricultural statistics systems.

3. Statistical work carried out by other DGs

The agri-environmental indicators that are not yet fully developed will be improved as agreed in work programs set up according to the memorandum of understanding between DG AGRI, DG ENV, JRC, Eurostat and EEA. Each partner will collect data through their own systems, as agreed in the memorandum.

Theme 3.03 Energy

1. Description

Europe's future depends on a secure, affordable and ecologically sustainable energy supply. The EU and Member States pursue a number of policies addressing i) the security of supply (in particular of oil and gas), ii) the environmental impact of energy use and iii) the energy internal market (including competition in network industries).
This Theme aims at providing the EU with a high quality statistical service in the field of energy, addressing these policy concerns. Regular work involves i) the compilation of annual energy balance sheets and of structural information on the energy system ii) the follow-up of energy commodity short-term trends iii) the compilation of prices of certain energy carriers. Development work aims at improving the quality of the system, in particular the coverage, better addressing new policies/technologies.
Priority EU/national policies and technologies such as energy efficiency, combined heat and power, renewable energy sources, energy-environment integration, carbon emission inventories, effectiveness of competition in network industries are also covered.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

The regular collection and dissemination of annual and monthly statistics on energy quantities and of half-yearly electricity and gas prices will continue. Quantitative evaluation of various policies based on indicators defined in relevant legislative acts (Combined heat and power - Directive 2004/8/EC, Renewable electricity share - Directive 2001/77/EC, Share of renewable energies and biofuels in final energy consumption - Directive under negotiation) will be carried-out. The Unit will contribute to the Commission submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on carbon emission inventories. Development of a new data transmission/data treatment system to improve internal efficiency.
In accordance with the development activities foreseen in the newly adopted Regulation on energy statistics, the Commission and the Member States i) will define a set of indicators relevant to the nuclear fuel cycle ii) review the national statistical systems addressing final energy consumption iii) define methodologies for the compilation of statistics on energy use in households/services and perform pilot data collections, partially financed by Eurostat, and iv) address quality issues on specific renewable energy sources identified already by the relevant Working group.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Collect 2007 annual statistics, update Eurostat website in a timely manner and produce publications in accordance with the Eurostat publications programme;
  • Collect monthly statistics, updating Eurostat website regularly and in a timely manner;
  • Collect gas and electricity price statistics, updating Eurostat website in a timely manner;
  • Collect and report statistics monitoring specific EU policies with quantitative targets (Combined Heat and Power, Renewable electricity share, Share of renewable energies and biofuels in final energy consumption);
  • Contribute to the EU Greenhouse gas inventory report submitted to the UNFCCC, as foreseen in Decision 280/2004/EC (reference approach EU inventory, quality assurance/control of national declarations);
  • Develop a new Energy Statistics Database (SIRENE), capturing all statistics collected by the recently adopted Energy Statistics Regulation; develop a data transmission system.

2.2.2.New work

  • Define a set of annual statistics covering the nuclear energy sector - in accordance with the Energy Statistics Regulation;
  • Review national statistical systems used for determining energy use in households, transport and services - in accordance with the Energy Statistics Regulation;
  • Define a methodology for compiling energy use in households / services; perform pilot data collections - in accordance with the Energy statistics Regulation;
  • Improve statistics of use of specific renewable energy sources (solid biomass, solar and ambient energy) in specific sectors - in accordance with the Energy Statistics Regulation;
  • Follow-up statistical needs arising from Commission legislative actions, notably on strategic oil stocks, EMOS, Greenhouse gas emissions and renewable energies.
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Theme 3.04 Transport

1. Description

Community transport statistics are required to support the Community transport policy, including the Trans-European Network for Transport (TEN-T). A White paper and its mid-term review (Keep Europe moving - Sustainable mobility for our continent) set out the EU action programme on transport policy. Community transport statistics should constitute a comprehensive transport information system, including above all data on flows of vehicles, passengers and goods, but also on infrastructure, equipment, mobility, safety, enterprises, investments and employment, as well as on the regional dimension of transport and its impact on the environment, including the energy consumption and energy efficiency of the vehicles and modes. A key objective will be to measure the contribution of each mode of transport, used alone and in combination with others, to the global figures. It will be necessary to consolidate structural, sustainable development, modal split, energy and environmental impact indicators, and to develop indicators of quality and performance for all modes of transport. The increasing trends to optimise the high cost and investment in transport infrastructure will create more needs for statistics on them. The progress of the liberalisation of transport will motivate the needs for data on transport enterprises. Transport is also an important part of Community regional and environmental policies. The former will increase demands for spatially broken-down data on transport networks and flows. Taking into account the growing awareness on climate change, and the relevant responsibility of transport in this, the latter will require more and more investment to measure the emission of greenhouse gases and other pollutants, as well as the evolution of passenger's behaviour regarding transport, particularly in European cities. The Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) is very important for competitiveness and growth. Transport statistics should give specific information on the developments of the TEN-T infrastructure and on the services it provides.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

Priorities in transport statistics will continue to stem from the need to monitor the Community transport policies: liberalisation, rationalisation, competitiveness of the economy, mobility, sustainable impact on the environment, safety, and regional development. The main effort will be devoted to improving the quality (coverage, timeliness, relevance, precision, etc.) of data disseminated on each mode of transport. The collection of these data is based on legal acts and voluntary agreements. The main priority will be the full and effective implementation of the existing legal acts for measuring transport and traffic flows (road freight, rail, inland waterways, maritime, and air transport), as well as the necessary work to complete them (current project on measurement of road traffic, and intense reflection on measurement of transport logistics and performance indicators). More focus on spatially broken-down networks and flows will be needed, such as on European cities, and on a distance breakdown of goods transported by road, rail, inland waterways and short sea shipping. The current work on simplification and reduction of the burden on respondents will be pursued, particularly in its legal aspects (in road freight, maritime and railways). Another aspect will continue consisting of exchange of best practice (presented by voluntary Member States in relevant ESS meetings). Taking into account the importance of the Trans-European Transport Network, specific information should be made available on its development and on the vservices it provides.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Implement the full "acquis" with a complete set of data for reference year 2008 available by December 2009, and adopt the necessary implementation measures under committee procedure;
  • Support implementation of NST 2007, the new standard classification of transported goods, for all concerned modes of transport: exchange of best practices, answer to raised questions, improvement of conversion tools, etc.;
  • Produce data on transport infrastructure, equipment, enterprises, safety... and other information complementary to the legal data collections, through the regular use of the Common Questionnaire to be accessed on the internet;
  • Achieve a systematic updating and quality improvement of regional transport data, based both on the annual voluntary survey (via internet) and on the legal data collections;
  • Consolidate and further develop methodology and production for structural indicators, sustainable development indicators, modal split indicators and environmental impact indicators;
  • Consolidate the development of the Community data collection on road traffic measurement (road vehicle*kilometres);
  • Consolidate the dissemination of transport statistics by the regular and timely uploading of Eurostat's free dissemination site and the production of publications in accordance with Eurostat's publication programme.

2.2.2.New work

  • Following the reflection phase in 2008, and depending on its outcome, start developing a Community project on the assessment of transport logistics and performance indicators of the different transport modes, on their own and in combination (comodality concept);
  • Depending on the Action Plan on Urban Mobility and reflections on the need for and the feasibility of collecting urban mobility data, start developing urban mobility indicators;
  • Continue the development of the Transport Information System (TRIS) project, which aims at modernising and integrating the various workflows of the existing processes.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • Reduction of Member States' burden has been a continuous concern for several years. Legal steps are expected in 2009 in road freight, maritime and railways regulations;
  • The modernisation of the existing maritime Directive implies some simplifications among the mandatory and optional variables to be collected, but also the resort to a commercial world database on vessels in order to directly access most of the data required on vessel features;
  • The outcome of a Task Force on the analysis of EP and Council Regulation on road freight transport statistics (some simplifications among the mandatory and optional variables, threshold for simplified reporting) will be implemented through legal acts;
  • The reflection phase for project 201 above is conducted by a Task Force involving three Member States and is based on a project conducted by one of them in order to tune more precisely the implied burden on them;
  • Attempts to reconcile Eurostat's rail transport Regulation and statistical annex of European Railways Agency (ERA) Directive on railways accidents will be pursued;
  • Programme of evaluation of transport processes in 2009: road freight transport statistics, regional transport statistics, inland transport common questionnaire.

Expected results:

  • Delivery on promises and change of regulatory culture (Com 2009);
  • Less burden on respondents (ports and national Statistical Authorities);
  • Less burden on respondents (road freight companies and national Statistical Authorities);
  • Limitation of the possible burden on national Statistical Authorities as far as possible;
  • Elimination of discrepancies and reduction of double reporting by different bodies in Member States;
  • Contribution to reduction of response burden, simplification and improved priority-setting.

3. Statistical work carried out by other DGs

DG TREN collects data on road accidents in the framework of Council Decision No 93/704/EC.
DG TREN will explore the feasibility of amending Regulation (EEC) No. 1108/70 of the Council introducing an accounting system for expenditure in respect of transport by rail, road and inland waterways.

Theme 3.05 Tourism

1. Description

Tourism is an important economic activity in the European Union with a high potential of contributing to higher employment. It comprises a wide variety of products or services and destinations and many different stakeholders are involved with much decentralised areas of competence often at regional and local levels.
Currently, statistics are collected on the supply of and demand for tourist accommodation, as well as on tourism propensity and tourism behaviour of EU residents. The legal basis for this data collection (Council Directive 95/57 and its related Commission Decisions of 9 December 1998 and 10 December 2004 and Council Directive 2006/110) are being updated in order to ensure the quality of the data collection in terms of relevance, comparability, completeness and freshness of the data. A renewed legal act is scheduled to be adopted by the end of 2009. Further, statistics on tourism employment and on indicators related to sustainable and competitive tourism are compiled using existing statistics.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

Developments in tourism statistics in 2009 are driven by increased policy attention to the evidence-based potential and importance of the tourism sector for growth, employment and long-term sustainable development. Enhanced monitoring of compliance with Directive 95/57/EC and the production of a wide range of comprehensive and comparative statistics and analyses will be at the centre of the work.
A renewed legal base, i.e. a Regulation of the Council and the European Parliament on Tourism Statistics is expected to be adopted by the end of 2009.
The results of Eurostat's large-scale project on Tourism satellite accounts (TSAs) will be evaluated and proposals will be made regarding the regular implementation of TSAs in the EU.
Methodological and analytical work on statistics on employment in tourism and on indicators related to sustainable and competitive tourism will be strengthened.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Produce high quality publications;
  • Further improve the timeliness, comparability and completeness of the statistics transmitted by Member States, as well as the efficiency of the data processing, including better validation of data;
  • Submit for adoption in 2009 a Commission proposal for a Regulation concerning Community Statistics on Tourism to the European Parliament and Council, updating and revising Council Directive 95/57/EC;
  • Produce a draft manual on best practices and recommended guidelines for the compilation of Tourism Satellite Accounts by end of 2009, which could enable a harmonised data collection or TSA compilation in the Member States;
  • Improve co-operation with the relevant international organisations as well as with candidate, neighborhood and Mediterranean countries;
  • Enrich the tourism statistics available through usage of data from other Eurostat sources, especially as regards tourism employment or sustainability and competitiveness of tourism in Europe.

2.2.2.New work

  • Prepare the data transmission, data validation and database management for tourism statistics under the forthcoming Regulation for which data transmission will start in the course of 2010 /2011 (conditional on Objective 103 as described above);
  • Subject to the adoption of the legal base (see objective 103 above), prepare a manual of recommended guidelines and methodological definitions for tourism statistics under the forthcoming Regulation.
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2.6 International trade and balance of payments

Theme 2.07 Trade in goods

1. Description

Statistics on international trade in goods comprises data on trade between the Member States (Intrastat) and data on trade with non-member countries (Extrastat). The statistical information is of essential importance for European economic and trade policies as well as for the analysis of market developments of individual commodities. The statistics contain detailed data broken down by reporting Member States and partner countries, by commodities according to the Combined Nomenclature and SITC, by mode of transport and by type of preference in case of imports. The development work concentrates on making available to the users harmonised statistics which meet the requirements in terms of quality and timeliness and which are relevant and adapted to users' needs including new needs arising in the framework of EMU and the changing international environment. The concepts and methods are adapted so as to integrate statistics on international trade in goods into the general statistical system at Community and international level and to respond to the changes in the administrative environment. At the same time methodological principles and tools based on latest technological developments are developed with the objective to minimise the reporting burden on businesses and to enhance the data quality. The data are collected, processed and disseminated according to the provisions laid down in Community legislation (Extrastat and Intrastat Regulations).

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

Efforts will continue to ensure that the deadlines for the data transmission of the monthly aggregated and detailed data from Member States are fully met. The quality of statistical data will be assessed regularly on the basis of the quality reports. The objective will be to further harmonize the data collection, processing and adjustment methods in the Member States so as to ensure better quality statistics. The critical project on the simplification of intra-Community trade statistics will continue. The new basic act on Intrastat and its implementing provisions will reduce the trade coverage and in this way decrease the statistical reporting burden on enterprises. Depending on the speed of the legislative process the preparatory and implementation work for the new system will be carried out. Further preparatory work on linking trade and other business statistics both within Intrastat and Extrastat will be implemented. The network set up during the Edicom II programme with respect to electronic data collection, validation and dissemination will be consolidated and further extended. The new basic act on Extrastat and its implementing provisions will adjust the system of extra-community trade statistics to the new developments of the Customs Code and new requirements of the users. Preparatory work for the implementation of the new system from January 2010 will be carried out. The effort to modernize statistics on international trade in goods will be supported by the MEETS programme. Cooperation activities with candidate and third countries will continue in the framework of programmes of statistical cooperation.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Publish each month the main Intra and Extra EU and euro area aggregates via the Press releases (on average 48 days after the month of reference) and more detailed Intra and Extra trade statistics via Bulletins. Publish the Annual Yearbook, the Pocketbook and at least four Statistics in Focus during the year;
  • Make available in the Comext database monthly detailed data and metadata (raw data, seasonally adjusted data, unit value indices, qualitative information, classifications and relations among them, methodological comments) from the 27 Member States, EFTA, from co-operation programs and data from third countries and international organisations. Recent evolution of nomenclatures (CPA2008, NSTR) and new related data derivation will be taken into account. An expanded range of services to data users (simplified/advanced and on-line/Web interfaces; new functionalities and improved support for users) will be provided in Comext;
  • Update the methodological documentation on statistics relating to the trading of goods. Produce the implementation guidelines of the Intrastat legislation. Participate in the preparation of the third revision on the concepts and definitions of international merchandise trade statistics of the United Nations;
  • Follow the implementation of the cooperation programs in the field of external trade statistics for the candidate and the third countries: Phare 2006, MEDCOMEXT II, and Instrument of Pre-accession Activities 2007. Develop proposals for the upcoming new cooperation programmes. Renew the compliance data base for the candidate countries. Ensure corrective maintenance and user trainings for Eurotrace;
  • Implement the new XT-NET edit system for the external data production at Eurostat . Study and implement standard validation procedures, corrections and estimations at Eurostat and national level;
  • Enhance on-line and off-line tools using web technology for collecting Intrastat data from the 27 Member States . Deploy tools providing CN research facilities to users and providers of information. Standardise and implement tools and concepts for validating data during electronic data submission by enterprises;
  • Continue the assesment of data quality, through several actions, with a special aim to reduce intra-EU asymmetries,. Review legal provisions concerning quality reporting and assessment and prepare new proposals . Produce an Annual Quality Report and mirror leaflets. Undertake further analyses on Member States practices in terms of confidentiality, revisions and estimation for non collected data and prepare recommendations for best practices. Monitor and analyse intra-EU asymmetries at detailed level. Analyse and report the quality of detailed data through an improved mirror outlier detection system.
    Continue pilot studies on statistics on trade by enterprise characteristics, for example by activity sector or by size-class, and further implement methodological improvements. Prepare legal provisions on their obligatory annual compilation;
  • Ensure the maintenance of Eurotrace package.

2.2.2.New work

  • In the framework of the MEETS programme which will run for 5 years, start to finance studies on analysis and implementation of simplification of Intrastat, on linking trade and other business statistics and on the implementation of new Extrastat legislation in the Member States;
  • Prepare implementing provisions for the revised Intrastat basic Regulation and for the revised Extrastat basic Regulation.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • Although in the preparatory and implementation phases of objectives 201 and 202 the actions might increase the burden on Member States, the aim is a significant reduction of burden on both Member States and reporting enterprises.

Expected results:

  • Preparatory work for the simplified Intrastat and Extrastat will be finalized. Requirements on data quality, harmonization of data collection and processing methods and measures to reduce asymmetries in mirror trade flows will be specified.
Theme 2.08 Trade in services and balance of payments

1. Description

An information service of high quality is required to implement EU policies on competitiveness and growth, solidarity, economic and social cohesion, external projection and sustainable development. Other relevant policies are enlargement, the Commission's bilateral relations, the management of regional agreements and the completion of the internal market. The following statistics are of crucial importance here: i)international trade in services; ii) foreign direct investment; iii) foreign affiliates (FATS); iv) balance of payments (BoP) of the EU; v) BoP of candidate countries; vi) BoP of the European Institutions and vii) remittances. Key customers are the ECB and Commission services dealing with trade policy, economic monitoring and external relations. Member States' BoP compilers are also customers for the EU Institutions' BoP. Ensuring the consistency of the BoP with national accounts and foreign trade is crucial. The raising of reporting thresholds will have a significant influence on the compilation of BoP statistics. Consequently, many Member States are currently revising their BoP collection systems. Work will be pursued in the coming years — through the implementation of the BoP regulation — to ensure that Member States keep on providing good quality data to Eurostat and the ECB. It is also strategically important to implement the new regulation on foreign affiliates statistics. Key methodological activities are carried out in active cooperation and coordination with international organisations such as the ECB, the IMF, the OECD and the WTO.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

In 2009, work will continue to ensure and enhance the availability and quality of balance-of-payments and related statistics to meet user requirements, notably the Commission's strategic objectives and new challenges. Following the implementation and updating of Regulation (EC) 184/2005, the production of statistics on balance of payments, international trade in services and foreign direct investment will be pursued, improved and extended to the enlarged Union and candidate countries. This will support the Commission's priorities for 2009 regarding prosperity, competitiveness and growth, Europe as a world partner, solidarity, economic and social cohesion and sustainable development. In addition, the implementation of the Regulation on the structure and activity of foreign affiliates (compulsory data delivery as of 2009) will provide important indicators for responding to the challenge of globalisation. Enhanced cooperation with national accounts and foreign trade statistics and with the ECB will foster greater statistical consistency. To cope with the needs of the Single Euro Payments Area, major changes in national balance of payments collection systems will continue. Several steering activities are foreseen to help Member States in achieving this goal. Attention will continue to be given to the methods and collection of data on "workers' remittances". The methodological background will be strengthened, through the launching of the implementation of the 6th IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual and of the 4th OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Ensure maintenance and continued improvement of the production of statistics on international trade in services, foreign direct investment (including active participation in the worldwide IMF Co-ordinated Direct Investment Survey), "workers' remittances" and balance of payments, including the development of BOP of the EU Institutions (monthly, quarterly and annual) and FATS (compulsory data delivery as of 2009); continue improving and completing metadata in the database and in the publications;
  • Continue to monitor data required through the BoP and FATS regulations through the quality reports approved by the BoP Committee and SPC. Produce an EU quality report;
  • Guarantee the functioning of the BoP Committee including the procedure for the update of the BoP Regulation with, e.g., the NACE Rev. 2;
  • Enhance quarterly and annual balance of payments statistics of the EU Institutions and quarterly BoP of the EU, to satisfy the requirements of Quarterly Sector Accounts Regulation;
  • Ensure the implementation of the FATS regulation and the "Recommendations Manual" (on outward FATS). Pilot studies for outward FATS shall be carried out (final delivery in 2009);
  • Participate in the Commission and international work for the development of the methods and data collection of "workers' remittances"
  • Enhance co-operation with National Accounts, Foreign Trade Statistics and the ECB for greater statistical consistency. Participation in the MEETS program. Steer and follow-up the implementation of technical group's recommendations: Rest of the World Account; Direct reporting; Foreign Direct Investment; Travel; reconciliation with External trade; asymmetries monitoring;
  • To cope with the needs of the Single Euro Payments Area, continue major changes in Members States' Balance of payments collection systems. Participate in several steering activities to help Member States in achieving this goal;
  • Actively pursue the necessary contribution to the finalisation of the revision of the Manual on Statistics of International Trade in Services;
  • Participate in co-operation programs with third countries in the field of Balance of payments and related statistics.

2.2.2.New work

  • In co-operation with the ECB, IMF and OECD, launch the implementation of the new IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual and of the new OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment;
  • Contribute to the Chapter Rest-of-the-World for the revised ESA95.

2.3. Actions that will simplify work or reduce the burden on Member States and/or respondents

Action:

  • Eurostat provides Member States with monthly balance of payments data of the European Union Institutions. The Member States use these data in compiling their national balance of payments statistics.

Expected results:

  • Share of burden between Member States and Eurostat.

2.7 Prices

Theme 2.06 Prices

1. Description

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) is the key inflation indicator for the conduct of the monetary policy of the euro area by the European Central Bank (ECB) and for the assessment of convergence. Two important aims are to improve HICP's quality in the medium-term through the adoption of further minimum standards and also to develop indices for housing, in particular owner-occupied housing and house price indices.
The Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) are necessary for the allocation of structural funds by the Commission (DG Regio). The PPP process is laid down in Regulation 1445/2007 of European Parliament and of the Council of December 2007 (the PPP Regulation). The strategy is to further improve the data handling and production process of PPPs (in particular with the PPP database and related tools) as well as Member States' sources and methods.
The specific indicator, the correction coefficients, and the pension contribution rate are requested by the Commission for the annual adjustment of the salaries of the officials of the Community institutions.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

In the field of price statistics, timely data production will continue to be a top priority for the monthly harmonised index of consumer prices (including flash estimates) in 2009. The major priorities for HICP development will be owner-occupied housing and, quality adjustment and sampling. A further aim will be the adoption of further requirements for HICP weightings. Emphasis will also be put on communications concerning HICPs and inflation measurement and on monitoring the compliance of national HICPs with standards and requirements. A project aiming at investigating the possibilities of using existing price data (HICP and PPP) in the process of collecting and disseminating detailed information on average prices will be developed in collaboration with DG SANCO. The project aims to use existing price data (HICP or PPP) to the maximum degree possible.
Concerning purchasing power parities (PPPs), it is important to produce PPPs for 2008 and revise PPPs for 2006 and 2007. Eurostat will need to carry out two consumer goods price surveys and two capital goods price surveys as well as surveys of expenditure weights and of data on non-market services and dwelling services. It will continue work on the implementation of the PPP Regulation and undertake first assessments of countries' sources and methods based on PPP inventories and quality reports to be transmitted by Member States. It will also aim to bring in full operation and manage successfully the new PPP database, and to implement results from the review of the process of the consumer goods price surveys. In addition the methodology for construction PPPs will be improved.
The two Commission reports on remunerations and pensions of EU officials will be provided. The information on correction coefficients, the annual adjustment, the pension contribution rate, liability and budget forecast will be produced. Developments will concern mainly the analysis of the Remuneration systems, the international data base on extra EU correction coefficients, the pension liability for members and the health liability.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Produce quality-check and further develop HICP monthly data and HICP flash estimates, including the development of HICP at constant tax rates and HICP administered prices measures;
  • Complete the pilot Owner Occupied Housing (OOH) project, and establish experimental dwelling price indices;
  • Develop and follow up the implementation of standards on quality adjustment and sampling and weighting;
  • Extend HICP communications to promote the HICP;
  • Monitor the compliance of national indices with HICP standards with follow up as required;
  • Produce PPPs for 2008 and revised PPPs for 2006 and 2007;
  • Carry out two consumer goods price surveys, two capital goods surveys and surveys of expenditure weights and of data on non-market services and dwelling services;
  • Undertake assessments of countries' sources and methods for PPPs;
  • Bring in full operation and ensure successful management of the PPP database;
  • Improve methodology for construction PPPs;
  • Produce Correction Coefficients and Annual Adjustment;
  • Produce pension contribution rate, liability and budget forecast;
  • Collect and disseminate detailed information on average prices.

2.2.2.New work

  • Analyse remuneration systems;
  • Develop the field of health liability.

2.9 Science and technology

Theme 5.06 Science, technology and innovation

1. Description

Statistics on science, technology and innovation (STI statistics) mainly cover R&D statistics, including statistics on government budget appropriations and outlays on R&D (GBAORD), innovation statistics (based on the Community innovation surveys/CIS), patent statistics, statistics on human resources in science and technology (HRST statistics), statistics on the careers of doctorate holders (CDH statistics) and statistics on high-tech industries and knowledge-based services. The regular activities consist of data production based on the Commission Regulations or other agreements and involvements and of related methodological work.

2. Work Programme for 2009

2.1 Key priorities 2009

The consolidation, quality improvement and further development already ongoing since the adoption of the two Commission Regulations 753/2004 and 1450/2004 will continue. The relevance of the data and the underlying Regulations, responding to strong user demand supporting the main policy targets (mainly from DG RTD and ENTR), will be further improved.
Main priority actions for 2009 are: for R&D statistics, further improving data quality and better measuring the internationalisation of R&D; for innovation statistics, the initiation of the CIS 2008, better and wider microdata use; for patent statistics, better use of the PATSTAT patent raw database; for CDH statistics, finalising the 2006 data production and reporting and visioning the future; and for statistics on high-tech industries and knowledge-based services, improvement of data quality. Successful launching a new internal R&D data production system as well as reconciliation of the HRST statistics vis-à-vis the investigated users' needs will also have to be achieved.

2.2 Objectives 2009

2.2.1.Ongoing work

  • Ensure the regular production of STI data and the related metadata with their envisaged extensions;
  • Improve the measurement of the internationalisation of R&D;
  • Launch the CIS 2008;
  • Increase the data volume, quality and data output of patent statistics (in using PATSTAT);
  • Draft the revisions for the legislative framework for STI statistics;
  • Improve the quality of statistics on HRST, high-tech industries and knowledge-based services;
  • Consolidate the CDH data compilation and consider the legal framework.

2.2.2.New work

  • Launch of a new internal R&D data processing system;
  • Improve the demand / supply match of HRST statistics;
  • Launch the CDH2008 data collection.

3. Statistical work carried out by other DGs

Women in Science data collection, Pilot data collection on universities (DG RTD).