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 About DISA

The Database of International Statistical Activities (DISA) lists the activities of over 30 statistical organizations active in the UNECE region. Updated every year, DISA is a coherent catalogue of planned work in international statistics over the coming year.  

Creditor Reporting System (CRS) Aid Activity Database

Purpose

Provide Members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the international aid community a set of readily available basic data that enables analysis on where aid goes, what purposes it serves and what policies it aims to implement. The DAC uses the data for consideration of specific policy issues and for monitoring donors' compliance with various international recommendations in the field of development co-operation. Outside the DAC, the data is mainly used to analyse the sectoral and geographical breakdown of aid for selected years and donors or groups of donors.

Objectives and outputs

Improve consistency, presentation and coverage to reflect current development co-operation priorities and classifications. Continue work on converging DAC and CRS datasets. Implement the new typology of aid.

Since 2008 (reporting on 2007 flows) the CRS includes the Trade capacity Building Database (TCBDB) operated previously by WTO.

Databases

Creditor Reporting System (CRS) Aid Activity Database

Main Developments for 2011

Data collection:

Test data collection in new format, merging CRS and DAC systems.

Data management:

Implementation of the new typology of aid.

Database on Country Programmable Aid (CPA database)

Purpose

Provide members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and the international aid community a set of readily of available statistics on country programmable aid (CPA) flows. This new measure of aid comes much closer to capturing the flows received and recorded in country aid management systems than measures of total aid (ODA - official development assistance). CPA is estimated on the basis of the standard DAC statistics (DAC and CRS) and defined through exclusion, by subtracting from total gross ODA aid that is: unpredictable by nature (humanitarian aid and debt relief); entails no cross-border flows (administrative costs, imputed student costs, promotion of development awareness, and research and refugees in donor countries); does not form part of co-operation agreements between governments (food aid and aid from local governments); or is not country programmable by the donor (core funding of NGOs). The database provides reference data to DAC and other stakeholders for the analysis of fragmentation and planned forward spending of aid.

Objectives and outputs

To provide timely and comprehensive statistics on country programmable aid (CPA) for all countries and territories on the DAC List of ODA Recipients. To provide reference data for the annual Report of the Survey of Indicative Forward Spending Plans and for the annual Report on Division of Labour and global fragmentation.

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

Further strengthening the methodology to derive CPA and make sectoral CPA data available online via OECD.STAT and QWIDS.

Official and Private Resource Flows from DAC Members to Developing Countries

Purpose

The Development Assistance Committee (DAC) database provides comprehensive data on the volume, origin and types of aid and other resource flows to over 150 aid recipients. The data shows each aid recipient's receipts of official development assistance (ODA), other official flows and private flows from members of the DAC, multilateral agencies and other non-DAC donors.

Objectives and outputs

To provide timely and comprehensive statistics of official and private flows to all countries and territories on the DAC list of ODA recipients. Improve consistency, presentation and coverage to reflect current development co-operation priorities and classifications.

Update reporting guidance to maintain comparable statistics and improve reporting and comparability of statistics on the tying status of aid.
Support work on changing patterns of development finance and the increasing role of private flows.

Databases

Database on official and private resource flows from DAC Members to developing countries

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

Continued reform of DAC statistics, through implementation of new classification of aid, further work on improving access to data, possible sharing of data with developing countries, and continuing help from Secretariat to members in improving statistical quality and timeliness.

A new work stream on non-ODA flows will be integrated into STAT in early 2011. For the first time, a dedicated unit (2 officials) will closely examine types of development financing other than ODA (non-concessional official loans inc. export credits, private flows inc. remittances, guarantee schemes). This analysis will focus on both the volume and developmental relevance of these flows.

DAC interest: DAC members afforded a high priority to this work during discussions of the PWB for 2011-2012, consequently (and based on the progress of work), STAT will consider preparing a report for the DAC in Q4 2011.

Data collection:

Implementation of the new typology of aid.

Balance of Payments

Purpose

To collect and publish timely, accurate and internationally comparable Balance of Payments statistics to meet OECD user needs and in support of identified data needs.

Objectives and outputs

To provide timely summary quarterly statistics on Balance of Payments. To improve the efficiency of data collection, timeliness, international comparability and quality of the published balance of payments data on the MEI database. To contribute as appropriate to the OECD Quarterly Trade Press Release. To contribute to methodological work on Balance of Payments. To improve information on remittance flows to meet user needs. Integrate Enhanced Engagement countries.

Non-member countries involved in the activity:

Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation, South Africa

Databases

Balance of Payments
MEI_BOP

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

The BOP database needs a full review and an investigation into how best to implement BPM6. This can only be done with additional resources.

Data collection:

Improve the efficiency and timeliness of data collection. Find new data for non member countries.

Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment

Purpose

To set standards on how foreign direct investment data should be compiled according to international standards. Internationally comparable data, based on these concepts, makes it possible to measure the degree of economic integration and competitiveness of markets.

Objectives and outputs

• Following the Council recommendation of 2008:
  i) to continue work on Research Agenda;
  ii) To promote exchange of best practices and information between countries to facilitate implementation of BMD4 standards to improve FDI statistics;
• To promote BMD4 recommendations for Enhanced Engagement countries

Non-member countries involved in the activity:

Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation, South Africa

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

• Establishing a clear communications policy for data users on revised FDI definitions and concepts;
• Implementing an electronic version of the recommendations and practical examples, etc.
• Providing regional and other assistance as appropriate to national compilers.

FDI statistics -Review of OECD accession candidate countries

Purpose

To review the position of the OECD accession candidate country vis-a-vis the Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment, 4th edition and related reporting requirements as set out in the OECD Accession Roadmap.

Objectives and outputs

Contribution to Investment Committee's examination of the willingness and the ability of the accession candidate country to assume the obligations of OECD membership in its field of competence.

Non-member countries involved in the activity:

Russian Federation

Foreign Direct Investment Statistics

Purpose

To compile and disseminate regularly reliable and up-to-date Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) statistics which are essential for a meaningful interpretation of investment trends for the purpose of policy analysis and decision. FDI statistics provide a reliable and comprehensive source of information to OECD governments, potential investors and the public at large. They also provide the basis for periodical analyses of direct investment trends and of policies towards international direct investment in OECD member countries.

Objectives and outputs

FDI statistical series provide detailed information on inward and outward FDI flows and positions to and from OECD countries. The information is based on a standard presentation designed according to internationally agreed standards (joint OECD-EUROSTAT questionnaire based on the OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment and the IMF Balance of Payments Manual). Comparative tables and charts by geographical and sectoral breakdowns for direct investment flows and stocks complement the information included for individual countries.

Statistics are also included regularly or as required for trends analysis, to monitor foreign investment activities, country reviews, etc. Data and analysis are mainly published annually in two distinct publications: OECD International Direct Investment Yearbook and International Investment Perspectives. Data are also provided on OECD.Stat for wider usage by OECD analysts.

For most recent trends, timely aggregate quarterly FDI statistics are compiled and disseminated on OECD website:http://www.oecd.org/document/8/0,3343,en_2649_33763_40930184_1_1_1_1,00.html

Non-member countries involved in the activity:

Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation, South Africa

Databases

Foreign Direct Investment

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

The database will be upgraded to include the revised methodological recommendations included in the OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment. This upgrading will allow including data according to BMD4 which countries may report in 2010 for the reference year 2009.

Data collection:

Data collection on the basis of the revised questionnaires and using the electronic questionnaire where countries are not applying GESMES.

International Trade Indicators

Purpose

To measure globalisation in the context of international trade, for the levels of total trade (goods and services), trade of goods and trade of services. Some of the indicators refer to aggregated levels while other ones differentiate according to types of commodities traded, to types of services delivered or to types of economic activities involved.

Objectives and outputs

Extension of the indicators present in the database.
Update of existing indicators.

Non-member countries involved in the activity:

Brazil, China, Chinese Taipei, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation, South Africa

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

Extension of a number of indicators in response to identified, globalisation-related statistical needs.

Improvement of timeliness of data updates, extension of FAME-based calculation and updating procedures to more indicators.

Trade by enterprise characteristics

Purpose

To measure, on the one hand, the contribution of real economic sectors to trading, and on the other hand, to complement business data with detailed information on trade, which is traditionally not part of business statistics.

Objectives and outputs

Under guidance of the Business Economic Statistics and Trade (BEST) Steering Group, a first OECD Linkage Table, which is based on Eurostat's Standardisation Document Rev. 2, was sent out to participating Non-EU-OECD member countries. Up to now, OECD has received data collection tables from Canada, , Norway and the United States. In addition, Eurostat provided OECD with the respective (published) data tables of several EU member states for reference years 2005-7. After reclassification of the Eurostat data to OECD standards (ISIC and CPC classifications, USD currency and OECD geo-nomenclature), these were integrated to the Trade by enterprise characteristics (TEC) database of the OECD, available in the globalisation cube of OECD.Stat.

Databases

Trade by Enterprise Characteristics

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

In 2011, the data collection will include more recent reference years and more countries, in co-operation with Eurostat.

The Handbook on Trade Microdata is expected to be completed early in 2011 and submitted to the BEST Steering Group. The next BEST Steering Group meeting will be the crucial point to fix the next steps for the continuation and expansion of this database.

International Trade in Goods

Purpose

To produce consistent and timely international trade data for OECD member countries and ensure methodological soundness and comparability of international trade data. To conduct research to improve the quality of the concepts underlying international trade data and play an active role in the development of international standards.

Objectives and outputs

Collects and maintains two databases for analytical use: (a) monthly data of exports and imports at current prices by partner countries and main categories of commodities, and volume and average value indices for selected countries and main categories; and (b) detailed annual data of exports and imports by commodities and by partner countries using three classifications (SITC, HS, ISIC).

Full implementation of the OECD-UNSD data sharing agreement covering all OECD member countries. A successful completion of the first phase (data collection and transmission to UNSD) of this initiative has already resulted in a reduction of the response burden for member countries and has led in 2006 to identical trade figures published by both the UN and the OECD (processed data). The OECD meeting of experts in international trade will continue to stimulate the exchange of views and research on methodological issues. The 2010 ITS expert meeting attracted 130 participants.

OECD continues to participate in and contribute to the Inter-Agency Merchandise Trade Task Force and manages, and moderates together with WTO, the EDG "Tradenet" on methodological and co-ordination issues affecting various national and international organisations.

Non-member countries involved in the activity:

Brazil, China, Chinese Taipei, Russian Federation

Databases

International trade by Commodity Statistics
Monthly Statistics of International Trade

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

In 2011, data quality and timeliness of processed data should be further improved as it is planned to implement "data capture" checks in order to facilitate the upload of data into ITCS.

ITCS in OECD.Stat has continued stabilizing in 2010 and efficiency results have been gained thanks to the new server and new architecture of ITCS on OECD.stat which resulted in better performances and better timeliness (through the implementation of a direct link between ITCS and OECD.stat).

The team will continue working on files data and metadata files received in the context of the accession of the new members to the OECD. Upload of data files into the database will be dealt with in the context of all the other priorities.

The team will be involved on the publication of the new Trade and Competitiveness at a Glance.

In the context of the 2011-2012 biennium project of implementation of Unit value Indexes to the annual trade database, research will be conducted on an outlier detection method that can fit with the data provided with the different members of the OECD

Data collection:

Concurrent use of the ITCS OECD-UNSD common data collection and processing system and the OECD trade ITCS in OECD.Stat. Full addition of ISIC classification.

International Trade in Services

Purpose

To provide detailed, relevant and internationally comparable data for trade policy and economic analysis. The information needs of international trade negotiations including the General Agreement on Trade in Services and the observed increase in internationalisation of services production are driving new developments.

Objectives and outputs

An annual joint effort publication with Eurostat and database: "OECD Statistics on International Trade in Services - Detailed tables by category of service". This covers the 33 member countries. Data are based on the concepts of the IMF's 5th Balance of Payments Manual and are broken down according to the detailed EBOPS Classification of Trade in Services with the exception of Australia which has started compiling information according to BPM6. The publication "OECD Statistics on International Trade in Services - Detailed Tables by Partner Country" provides bilateral service trade flows for 31 member countries, Hong Kong SAR and Russian Federation.

Coordinate the work of the Interagency Task Force on Statistics of International Trade in Services including the finalisation of the paper version of the "The Manual on Statistics of International Trade in Services" (MSITS 2010) and its online annexes. Prepare outline of the compilation guidance.

Contribute to organisation of the WP on trade in goods and trade in services statistics.

Non-member countries involved in the activity:

Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation, South Africa

Databases

International trade in services by category of service (TIS)
OECD Statistics on International Trade in Services by Service Category and by Partner Country

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

Promote SDMX for exchanging trade in services data.
Facilitate to the extent possible links between the classifications EBOPS and ISIC.

Implement EBOPS 2010 in StatWorks and upload countries that have adopted the new standards, beginning with Australia.

Improve the timeliness, with rolling updates, and detail of published data. Monitor progress in the implementation of MSITS recommendations.
Contribute to OECD analytical work and in particular work closely with TAD and STI on data needs for the Services Trade Restrictiveness Index.

Improve estimates of world trade flows of services.

Cooperate with Eurostat to collect and make available as far as possible partner country data on remittances.

Develop cooperation with UNSD and other agencies on data sharing in trade in services.

Data collection:

Pursue rolling update of trade in services by partner country data as data become available. Countries that are sent an excel questionnaire to will be asked to fill in. A second best would now be for them to provide us with their data in an SDMX format

Intra-firm trade

Purpose

To create a dataset of intra-firm trade among OECD countries for TAD report on "Intra-firm trade".

Objectives and outputs

The project started in 2010 and will continue in 2011. A work-in-progress report has been presented in September 2010.

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

The database will include US data at a more disaggregated level (HS6) and estimates based on firm-level data (ORBIS) will be updated.

Monthly International Trade

Purpose

To produce consistent and timely international trade data for OECD member countries, ensure methodological soundness and comparability of international trade data, conduct research to improve the quality of the concepts underlying international trade data and play an active role in the development of international standards.

Objectives and outputs

Collect data and maintain database for analytical use: monthly data of exports and imports at current prices by partner countries and main categories of commodities, and volume and average value indices for selected countries and main categories. Continuous and close co-operation with key users at OECD. Updating cycles optimised to respond to needs of Economic Outlook. Online availability of OECD's detailed international trade data. OECD continues to actively participate and contribute to the International Trade Task Force (Inter-Agency TF)

Non-member countries involved in the activity:

Russian Federation

Databases

Monthly Statistics of International Trade (MSIT)

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

Following the recommendations of the WPTGS and the work carried out by the Secretariat, it is planned for 2011 to continue work on implementation of the methodological questionnaire results; advance total trade data submission to MSIT to feed into MEI in a timely manner (after aligning methodologies between MSIT and MEI) and to produce identical, consistent monthly trade aggregate figures in the two publications; expand scope of countries to include the 5 Accession countries with help from additional resources marked to that effect.

Services Trade Restrictiveness Index

Purpose

To provide a reliable and accurate regulatory database which can be easily updated for the Services Trade Restrictiveness Index.

Objectives and outputs

the STRI Regulatory Database inform on the existence of barriers to trade in services in the countries covered. This information is completed by direct links to the legal sources and comments clarifying the context.

Non-member countries involved in the activity:

China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation, South Africa

Main Developments for 2011

General aspects:

The database has been completely refined and updated during the year.