Theme 3.04 Transport
Fields of activities covered by the theme
• Commercial transport of goods and passengers in all modes where this activity is significant: road freight, rail (goods and passengers), inland waterways (goods), sea (goods and passengers), air (passengers, freight and mail), and pipelines (specific goods).
• Measurement of traffic, in particular for road vehicles.
• Infrastructures and means of transport (vehicles) at national and regional level.
• Enterprises and employment in the transport sector at national level.
• Accidents, fatalities, injured people and release of dangerous goods in the transport sector.
• Intermodal transport, congestion, logistics performance.
• Impact on the environment, in particular on climate change.
• Transport indicators (modal split; structural, sustainable development, globalisation, environment).
1. Work to be carried out by Eurostat in 2011
1.1 NEW WORK, INCLUDING NEW PLANNED LEGISLATION
• New data collection, compilation and dissemination of transport safety data from DG MOVE and transport safety agencies.
• Feasibility study on new users' needs (for DG MOVE and EASA) in aviation statistics.
• Feasibility study on new users' needs (for DG MOVE and Trans European Network - Transport Agency) in rail transport statistics.
• Feasibility study on production of intermodal transport data and calculation of logistics performance indicators.
• According to the modes, more or less advanced feasibility studies on greenhouse gases emissions.
• Adapt a legal act (adopted in 2006) to the Lisbon Treaty.
1.2 ONGOING WORK
• Implementing the full "acquis" with a complete set of data for reference year 2010 available by December 2011, and adopting the necessary implementation measures under comitology procedure.
• Produce aggregated national data on transport infrastructure, means, enterprises, safety and other information complementary to the legal data collections, through the Common Questionnaire (shared with UNECE and the International Transport Forum) accessed via the Internet.
• Produce data on transport infrastructure, means and safety at regional level, based on the annual voluntary survey via the Internet and on the legal, modal data collections.
• Consolidate and further develop methodology and production for transport indicators (modal split indicators and others).
• Update the development of the data collection on road traffic measurement with a focus on greenhouse gas emissions.
• Improve the quality and diversifythe dissemination of EU transport statistics in accordance with Eurostat's publication programme.
• Continue implementation of the Transport Information System (TRIS) project and develop its interactions with the Member States.
1.3 ACTIONS LEADING TO THE REDUCTION OF RESPONSE BURDEN AND THE SIMPLIFICATION OF STATISTICAL PROCESSES
• In order to minimise the burden on future respondents, early resort to Task Forces, involving the most experienced Member States, necessarily sensitive to the burden on their respondents and on themselves, to prepare new developments ; cases of: aviation statistics; rail transport statistics; road traffic measurement; intermodal transport statistics and calculation of logistics performance indicators.
• Maritime transport statistics: Task Force work on tuning and optimising the current legislation, as well as analysing opportunities offered by new technologies (e-Maritime project, centralised database on vessels).
• Implementation of the transport safety project.
2. Statistical work to be carried out by other DGs (including data collection from Member States) and/or EU agencies
2.1 NEW WORK
• DG MOVE intends to modernise and extend to non-inland modes Council Regulation 1108/70 on an accounting system for expenditure on infrastructure.
2.2 ONGOING WORK
• DG MOVE manages the CARE database on road accidents. The data are collected from the Member States in accordance with Council Decision 93/704 (see below).
• The Transport Safety Agencies (ERA - European Railways Agency, EMSA - European Maritime Safety Agency, and EASA - European Aviation Safety Agency) also collect from the Member States the safety data they need to fulfil their function (i.e. common rail safety indicators, aviation safety data as well as maritime safety and vessel movements' data).
• DG TAXUD collects data and estimates the tax revenues on mineral oils stemming from transport use. For countries which can not provide these data a methodology is developed to estimate the split based on other sources. DG TAXUD also collects data on tax rates and revenues on energy products stemming from transport, industrial/commercial and heating use.