2.4.3 Mining, manufacturing, construction
Minerals, metals, and ores
Update of the production/consumption/trade database. Dissemination of the data through the UNCTAD website and the UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics.
2.4.4 Transport statistics
Preparation and update of a database, which stores time series on world merchandise fleet by flag registration and type of ship. The statistics are released in the UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics and the annual Review of Maritime Transport. Annual containerized port traffic, by country, included each year in the UNCTAD Review of Maritime Transport.
Annual World Seaborne Trade, by country groupings, included each year in the UNCTAD Review of Maritime Transport. UNCTAD Liner Shipping Connectivity Index, by country, included each year in the UNCTAD Review of Maritime Transport.
2.6 International trade and balance of payments
Foreign Direct Investment
Methodological work: participation in the joint working group "FATS" (Eurostat), OECD's Working group on International Investment Statistics, Inter-agency Task Force on Statistics of International Trade in Services and IMF's Balance of Payments Committee. The UNCTAD Manual on Statistics of FDI and the operations of TNCs published in 2009.
Data collection and processing: continuous update of the database on FDI (both flows and stocks) and operations of TNCs that was used for the 2008 World Investment Report 2009. In addition, UNCTAD maintains and regularly updates databases on cross-border M&As and largest TNCs. UNCTAD disseminates the data through its dedicated website (www.unctad.org/fdistatistics).
Foreign Trade Statistics
• To participate in the work of the Task Force on International Merchandise Trade Statistics.
• To contribute in the preparation and dissemination of a consistent set of aggregated merchandise trade data (Common Data Set) by international organizations.
• To calculate volume, price and term of trade indices and trade analytical indicators published in the UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics.
• To develop the South-South Trade Information System providing comprehensive information on bilateral trade flows at the product level between developing countries and including own estimates for country-periods missing in COMTRADE database.
Market Access Information
• To contribute in the maintenance and updating of the Common Analytical Market Access Database (CAMAD) among UNCTAD, ITC and WTO.
• To upgrade WITS software in collaboration with the World Bank and ITC.
Data collection and processing:
• Update of the Database on Trade Control Measures covering tariff, para-tariff and non-tariff measures disseminated in TRAINS (Trade Analysis and Information System).
• Preparation of data for the third publication of the World Tariff Profile (joint publication with WTO and ITC).
Trade in Services
Methodological work: participation in the work of the Inter-agency Task Force on Statistics of International Trade in Services (TFSITS) and contribution to the preparation of the revised Manual on Statistics of International Trade in Services.
Data collection and processing: In light of the recommendation, by UNSC, compilation of foreign affiliate trade in services statistics (FATS). Dissemination of Trade in Services statistics, including metadata, through the UNCTAD website.
• Implementation of the recommendations of the manual on trade in services.
• Technical cooperation: In the framework of a MOU signed between UNCTAD and UEMOA, preparation of the regulation and statistical infrastructure needed for the collection and analysis of statistics on exports and imports of services in order that member states can define policy consistent with their development objectives.
• Data collection and processing: Update of the commodity prices database and calculation of price indices, using 2000 as base year. Dissemination of the data on the website.
3. Environment and multi-domain statistics (UNCTAD)
3.3.3 Information society
•Methodological work: UNCTAD works in close collaboration with the members of the global Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development (ITU, OECD, UNCTAD, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, the World Bank, four UN Regional Commissions (ECA, ECLAC, ESCAP, ESCWA), UN-DESA and Eurostat). UNCTAD is part of the Steering Committee of the Partnership (with ITU and ECLAC). The Partnership core list of ICT indicators, which was endorsed by the UN Statistical Commission at its 38th session in 2007, was revised during 2008 and was presented to the UNSC in February 2009.
The revised version of the UNCTAD Manual for the Production of Statistics on the Information Economy was presented to the UNSC in February 2009. The document aims to help statistical offices in developing countries in their production of information economy statistics.
The UNCTAD website on ICT measurement (http:// measuring-ict.unctad.org) serves as an online source of information on indicators, data, metadata and methodology .
•Data collection and processing: Since 2004, UNCTAD has been collecting data from statistical offices in developing countries on the core list of ICT business and ICT sector indicators through an annual questionnaire sent to National Statistical Offices worldwide. Survey results feed the UNCTAD information economy database that comprises official data on business use of ICT in countries, classified by size of enterprise, geographical location (urban/rural), and economic activity. Survey results are also reflected in the analyses published in the annual UNCTAD Information Economy Report.
•Technical cooperation: UNCTAD carries out capacity building activities on ICT measurement, including the organization of training courses and contribution to regional workshops, often in cooperation with the members of the Partnership, as well as advisory services to NSOs in developing countries. UNCTAD leads the Partnership Task Group on Capacity Building (TGCB) and coordinates capacity building activities of the Partnership members. UNCTAD has conducted regional training courses in Asia-Pacific, Latin American and the Caribbean, and francophone and Anglophone Africa.
(ii) Priority objectives beyond 2010:
Further revision of the Manual for the Production of Statistics on the Information Economy - 2009 edition. Continued capacity building on ICT statistics for NSOs, including delivery of the Training Course at the regional level and advisory services at the national level. Methodological work on the measurement of ICT impact and of trade in ICT services.
(iii) New work to be undertaken in 2010:
Development of a distance learning version of the Training Course on the production of information economy statistics. Inclusion of information economy statistics in GlobStat and the UN Data Portal.
(iv) Meetings to be organized in 2010:
UNCTAD will co-organize with Partners a Global Event on Information Society measurement, which will review progress in ICT statistics and discuss emerging subjects such as ICT in education, measuring the social and economic impact of ICT, and ICT in government.
• Methodological work: Calculation of indicators to monitor the financial crisis and its impact on the real economy in developing economies and economies in transition. Data are released in UNCTAD flagship reports.
• Participation in the Globalization Session of the Statistical Working Party of the OECD Committee on Industry and Business Environment, in particular, as regards the preparation of the Manual of Economic Globalization Indicators.
• Data collection and processing: continuous update of the TNC database.
4. Methodology of data collection, processing, dissemination and analysis (UNCTAD)
4.5 Dissemination, data warehousing
UNCTAD Statistical Information system (USIS)
The UNCTAD Statistical Information System (USIS) is designed as a tool to validate, store, process and share reference datasets used by the economists of the secretariat and disseminated through the UNCTAD Handbook of Statistic, reports and the UNCTAD website. Methodologies and procedures used to process statistics and to calculate derived indicators were reviewed accordingly in 2009. Sources, concepts, definitions, classifications and processes have been documented and made available to users. Great attention is devoted to the provision of metadata at all levels.
Principle 4 of the 'Principles Governing International Statistical Activities' is a guiding benchmark during the development and implementation of USIS.
Objectives and outputs:
Improvement of the quality and consistency of the statistics prepared and released by UNCTAD. More efficient, secured and documented procedures are used for the compilation, processing, storage and dissemination of statistics. The capacities for the calculations of indicators requiring important IT resources are being improved.
Main developments for 2010:
The on-line version of Handbook of Statistics 2009 will be the last one published in the Internet. It will be replaced by regularly updated GlobStat that is accessible to everyone.________________________________________