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2.1 Macroeconomic statistics

Theme 5.01 Statistics for business cycle analysis

1. Description

With EMU now in full swing, the availability of an effective system of business cycle statistics has become a reality. Further efforts are now necessary to consolidate results achieved and to improvement them in order to monitor the cyclical situation in the euro area, in the European Union and in major economic partners. Reliable business cycle analysis strongly depends on the availability and quality of infra-annual statistics. Eurostat is actively working to further improve the quality and the coverage of Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEIs, COMM/2002/661) and to enhance their visibility. Traditional compilation approaches will be supplemented by sophisticated statistical and econometric techniques in order to increase the timeliness, length, frequency and reliability of PEEIs. Eurostat will continue increasing data readability and interpretability by supplying analysts, economists and policy makers with sophisticated statistical analysis. Eurostat will also step up its efforts in defining and maintaining a statistical framework for the assessment of the cyclical situation. Work in 2010 will focus on the construction of new high-frequency macroeconomic indicators and on improving the statistical framework for business cycle analysis to supply a better service to economists and analysts. Key priorities in 2010 will be: (1) integrating traditional methods with more sophisticated econometric techniques; (2) strengthening harmonisation by definingnew guidelines and implementing seasonal adjustment guidelines for short-term statistics; (3) defining a comprehensive statistical framework for euro-area and European Union business cycle analysis to facilitate real-time economic assessment; (4) monitoring and assessing PEEIs.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Finalisation and follow-up of the implementation of common policies within the ESS for the compilation of Principal European Economic Indicators in key areas such as seasonal adjustment, revision, estimation and back calculation. The priority will be monitoring implementation of the already endorsed ESS seasonal adjustment guidelines.
  • Improvement of Euroindicators/PEEIs special topic: improvement of the selected PEEIs webpage, online analysis and comparative tables, new thematic pages, online bibliographies and publications (Newsletter, Selected Readings, State of Affairs, PEEIs Quarterly quality report).
  • Regular production and improvement of Eurostatistics analytical content.
  • Monitoring Euro-IND quality (with particular attention to Principal European Economic Indicators) and developing new quality measures for time series and database (synthetic quality indicator).
  • Regular updating and design of a dissemination strategy for the new Euroindicators real-time database as regards revision analysis and real-time simulation.
  • Finalisation of the testing exercise for flash estimates, back calculation and monthly indicator of economic activity (Euromind) as well as coincident turning points indicators by means of sophisticated statistical and econometric techniques (whenever possible in collaboration with production units) and decisions on their dissemination.
  • Regular production and design of a dissemination strategy (in cooperation with DG ECFIN) for a statistical assessment of the euro-area business cycle situation: growth cycle estimates, turning points dating and detection.
  • Support Eurostat sectoral units, Commission DGs, and Member States in their activity to improve and analyse Principal European Economic Indicators, including training activities and tools development.
  • Organisation of the 6th Eurostat Colloquium on Modern Tools for Business Cycle Analysis.


2.2 Economic accounts

Theme 2.01 Annual economic accounts

1. Description

Annual national accounts play a fundamental role in the examination of many key policy questions for the European Union. They provide key economic and monetary policy indicators and basic information for the own resources system, the regional and structural funds, the excessive deficit procedure, and the growth and stability pact. The data are used by the Commission and the European Central Bank (ECB), as well as by national governments, social partners, financial markets, economic analysts and other institutional and private users. Annual national accounts also constitute the basis for many structural indicators required by the European Council. As well as providing a wealth of detail, the annual economic accounts provide a solid framework and benchmark for quarterly estimates (Theme 2.02) and calculation of own resources (Theme 2.05).
Harmonised data are compiled and transmitted by all Member States in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA95), which is the EU version of the world-level System of National Accounts. Data are transmitted by EU Member States to Eurostat in accordance with the transmission programme set out in Annex B to the ESA Regulation.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Continue to have satisfactory discussions on the SNA at international level as required. Pursue work on implementation of the SNA.
  • Pursue work on the revision of ESA 95, including the drafting of new chapters and discussions in the various groups.
  • Assess quality of implementation of ESA 95, including, in particular, improved price and volume measures in national accounts, development of satellite accounts and supplementary tables and drawing conclusions for future work.
  • Ensure complete and timely availability of national accounts data, ensure production and dissemination of EU/EA accounts data.
  • Ensure complete and timely availability of sector accounts data, ensure production and dissemination of EU/EA sector accounts data.
  • Ensure complete and timely availability of supply, use and symmetric input-output tables; improve quality of data with a view to consistency among the tables and with corresponding national accounts data.
  • Ensure complete and timely availability of regional accounts data.
  • Progressively integrate parts of the EU KLEMS project in the ESS.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Preparatory actions for the implementation of NACE Rev 2 in national accounts.
  • EU KLEMS full implementation in the ESS — follow-up of the Ecofin EU KLEMS implementation plan.
  • Preparatory work for the implementation of a harmonised revision policy.

5. Planned new legislation

  • Draft proposal for a new European Parliament and the Council Regulation on the ESA.

Theme 2.02 Quarterly accounts

1. Description

Quarterly national accounts play a fundamental role for economic analysis in general and in particular for the definition of economic policies by governments and by the Commission and for the monitoring of the single currency by the European Central Bank. Quarterly national accounts and quarterly sector accounts figures are also relevant for other institutional users, private users and financial markets. Particular attention is paid to the compilation of EU/EA (euro area) aggregates, which are very important for comparisons with the economies of the US and Japan. To meet user needs, great importance is attached to quality, coverage, timeliness and punctuality and to the full integration of the new Member States.
Harmonised data are compiled by all Member States in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA95), which is the EU version of the world-level System of National Accounts. They are transmitted by EU Member States to Eurostat in accordance with the transmission programme set out in Annex B to the ESA Regulation and associated regulations. The transmission programme is now defined in European Parliament and Council Regulation 1392/2007.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Ensure complete and timely availability of quarterly national accounts data, ensure production and dissemination of EU/EA quarterly accounts data.
  • Ensure complete and timely availability of quarterly sector accounts data, ensure production and dissemination of EU/EA quarterly sector accounts data.
  • Coordinate release dates with Member States.
  • Improve quality of quarterly national accounts and quarterly accounts for institutional sectors, in particular seasonal adjustment and volume measures.
  • Improve the overall coherence of the accounts, in particular within EA accounts, between main aggregates, sector accounts and the input/output framework.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Improve timeliness and availability of key short-term national accounts indicators for monitoring the statistical consequences of the financial and economic crisis — in particular flash estimates of GDP and employment.
    The extension of inter-institutional cooperation for exchanging and using administrative data is envisaged.
  • Preparatory actions for the implementation of NACE Rev 2 in national accounts.

Theme 2.05 Monitoring own resources

1. Description

National accounts data play a prominent role in calculating the contributions by the Member States to the EU budget.
For the VAT-based 'third' resource, Member States' VAT receipts are adjusted using detailed national accounts data to correct for the fact that countries do not all apply the harmonised EU VAT rules, having different rates and coverage of products. Every year, Member States provide a detailed VAT declaration including the calculation of several adjustment factors based on national accounts. In cooperation with DG BUDG, Eurostat carries out a detailed verification of the figures and the calculations.
Gross National Income (GNI, formerly Gross National Product — GNP) constitutes the basis for allocating the GNI-based 'fourth' resource. Together with the GNI Committee, Eurostat verifies the reliability, comparability and exhaustiveness of the data provided each year by countries.
Together, the VAT-based and the GNI-based resources represent about 80 % of EU budget receipts.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Finalise analysis and assessment of new EU-15 inventories of changes in sources and methods for compiling GNI.
  • Finalise analysis and assessment of EU-10 inventories of sources and methods for compiling GNI.
  • Analyse and assess EU-2 inventories of sources and methods for compiling GNI.
  • Carry out GNI missions in the Member States.
  • Carry out more direct verification of the data provided in the annual GNI questionnaires.
  • Verify declarations for VAT-based resource for about 11 countries (chosen by DG BUDG).


2.3 Business statistics

Theme 3.01 Annual business statistics

1. Description

Structural Business Statistics (SBS) contain detailed data covering all business activities, broken down to the 4-digit level of the NACE Rev 2 activity classification, by size classes and by regions (2-digit NUTS). A large number of variables are provided. The recast of the Regulation adopted in 2008 has 2008 as its first reference year. The medium-term strategy is to achieve full implementation in all Member States of the new requirements in the Regulation regarding services statistics and business demography, assure the quality of the data, re-engineer methods and sources for the data collection and carry out the prioritised pilot studies set out in the Regulation.
Inward FATS comprise a number of characteristics for the structure and activity of foreign affiliates in the reporting country that are needed for evaluating the extent of globalisation of the EU economy and the effectiveness of the internal market. The medium-term strategy will focus on full implementation of the requirements of the FATS Regulation and completing the pilot studies.
Prodcom covers production statistics in value and volume of about 3 900 products defined in an annually revised Prodcom list. Its medium-term strategy will be oriented towards quality improvements with emphasis on completeness of EU aggregates as well as further methodological harmonisation.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Ensure the implementation of Regulation No 295/2008 including the new requirements as well as the implementation of NACE Rev 2. Process the data collected from Member States and candidate countries. Maximise the completeness of EU aggregates.
  • Ensure the implementation of the requirements of the new FATS Regulation and the Recommendations Manual (on inward FATS). Process the data collected from Member States on inward FATS, including information from the first quality reports.
  • Collect 2009 Prodcom data in line with the Prodcom Regulation. Promote harmonisation of national methodologies.
  • Set up the 2011 Prodcom list.
  • Continue implementing the pilot actions in the framework of the SBS Regulation and the FATS Regulation and plan further application of the flexible module of the SBS Regulation. If pilot actions prove the feasibility of the data collection, proceed with the necessary measures for implementation.
  • Contribute to the entrepreneurship indicator programme.
  • Improve transmission and validation tools and carry out the quality action plan for SBS.
  • Process statistics on steel industry collected from Member States under Regulation 48/2004.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Implement Council and EP Decision 1297/2008 (MEETS), implement the Commission Decision on the financing for 2010.
    Support the data collection on access to finance in the framework of the first application of the flexible module of the SBS Regulation No 295/2008. Collect and validate the data of the access to finance survey
    Create ESSnets in line with objectives 2 and 3 of MEETS on consistency in the area of business statistics and data warehousing.

2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION

  • Implement Council and EP Decision 1297/2008 (MEETS).
  • Implementation of the SBS Recast Regulation, which introduces some simplifications, such as the deletion of some variables, reducing the frequency of other variables and the possibility for Member States to use 'Contribution to European totals only' (CETO) flags. The latter allow countries to flag data of insufficient quality so that they are not disseminated at national level, whereas they are included in the calculation of the EU totals. This should allow countries to limit the sample sizes and therefore reduce the burden on enterprises.

Theme 3.02 Short-term business statistics

1. Description

Short-term business statistics (STS) comprise monthly and quarterly economic indicators, such as the index of industrial production, output prices, construction production and retail trade turnover, for the Member States, the EU and the euro area. The indicators cover eight out of nineteen Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEIs) and almost half of Eurostat's regular News Releases. These data are closely followed by economic analysts in the Commission and the European Central Bank, as well as in national governments and in the private sector and financial markets.
The constant requirement is to make the data rapid but reliable while at the same time limiting the statistical reporting burden on enterprises.
Historically, such short-term statistics are mainly related to manufacturing and construction; in the years ahead the main challenge is to develop and consolidate the short-term data on service activities.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Timely production of existing indicators and their publication.
  • Investigating and improving the reliability, accuracy and comparability of STS indicators.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Prepare introduction of new variables (Commission Regulation 329/2009).
  • Prepare report to EP and Council, as required by Reg. 1165/98, Art. 14.

2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION

  • STS is an active participant in the MEETS programme.


2.4.1 Agriculture, forestry, fisheries

Theme 4.01 Agricultural production

1. Description

Agricultural statistics entail relevant data on both crop and animal production. Crop production statistics cover, on the basis of existing legislation and the one adopted and to be published in 2009, agricultural land use, wine supply balance sheets and data on production for cereals, (ii) other main field crops and (iii) fruits and vegetables. Supply balance sheets for other crop products and data on flowers and ornamental plants are collected under gentlemen's agreements. In addition, crop statistics also cover structural data on orchards and vineyards regulated under specific EU legislation. Animal production statistics cover, on the basis of existing legislation, livestock surveys as well as meat, milk and poultry statistics. Both crop and animal production statistics not only play a key role in the design, implementation and monitoring of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) but also contribute to ensuring food and feed safety/security in the European Union. These data are then used by the European and national authorities, third countries' administrations, stakeholders, scientists and the general public for policy making, risk management, market analysis, production forecasts, research, information, etc.
Special attention is devoted to statistical relevance, timeliness and accessibility of data with a view to satisfying current and potential needs of users. Besides this, a considerable effort is undertaken to ensure accuracy through quality checks aimed at detecting and eventually correcting observed errors in the data. To make sure data is of high quality, appropriate validation procedures, placed between the collection and the dissemination of data, are continuously being implemented and reviewed. Several validation tools (e.g. AGRIS, eDAMIS/Webforms, Building Blocks) play an increasingly important role in the system of data processing and need to be further integrated and developed in close cooperation with other Eurostat departments.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Achievement of the implementation of the new eDAMIS web form system for data collection and pre-validation, taking into account the MS contributions.
  • Processing and validation of agricultural production statistics with public dissemination of the data within one month after the agreed transmission deadline.
  • Preparation of publications (i.e. Pocketbook, DiFs and SiFs).
  • Bilateral cooperation with DG AGRI, following established partnership agreements.
  • Bilateral and multilateral cooperation under the auspices of the Working Groups on Crop and Animal Production Statistics and cooperation with other international organisations
  • Implementation of new legislation on crop and animal statistics.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Approval in cooperation with the members of the Working Party of empirical definitions for the elaboration of agricultural production statistics.
  • Improvement of the quality and harmonisation of the data, collection and evaluation of methodological inventories.
  • Draft Regulation of the EP and of the Council concerning permanent crop statistics.
  • Development of IT tools for crop and animal data handling.

2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION

  • With a view to reducing the burden on respondents and at the same time ensuring data quality, under the new Regulations for crop and for livestock and meat statistics, Member States may decide to use administrative sources for the compilation of this data.
  • In 2010, the data collection, validation and dissemination system is expected to be further streamlined through automation of clerical operations such as data validation and the possible replacement of FAME (production database) by a more efficient system.
  • Towards simplified legislation on orchards and vineyards (through a proposal for a Parliament and Council Regulation concerning permanent crop statistics).

3. Work to be carried out by other DGs involving data collection from Member States

  • DG AGRI is the lead DG under Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 617/2008. These legal acts require the Member States to send their data on the activity of hatcheries, trade in chicks and structure of hatcheries to both DG AGRI and Eurostat.

5. Planned new legislation

  • Proposal for a Parliament and Council Regulation concerning permanent crop statistics.
    Implementing acts on animal and crop statistics; Commission decisions on derogations.

Theme 4.02 Agricultural structures

1. Description

Statistics on agricultural structures include the Farm Structure Surveys (FSS) as well as the Survey on Agricultural Production Methods (SAPM). This statistical information plays a key role in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the CAP. The EU farm structure surveys are the backbone of the agricultural statistical system. They provide micro-data on the agricultural labour force, land use, livestock, equipment and non-agricultural activities and they are the statistical basis for collection of information on land use, livestock and agricultural income. The farm typology processed in the FSS is the key used in the farm accountancy data network.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Agricultural Census carried out in all Member States except ES, EL, PT (planned in 2009); Survey on Agricultural Production Methods to commence in several countries.
  • Preparation of the Data Processing System for treatment of the data from the Agricultural Census and from the SAPM.
  • Collect Standard Output coefficients from the countries.
  • Redesign of the tables to be published in the Eurostat Reference database.
  • Provide Member States with further advice and explanations on the Farm Structure Survey methodology, including the SAPM.
  • Disseminate the results of the Farm Structure Surveys and respond to specific information requests from Commission departments and other interested parties.
  • Participate within the IPA framework in the set-up of the Farm Structure Surveys in the respective countries.

2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION

  • In the decade 2000-2010, three sample surveys have been launched, while in the decade 2010-2020, two FSS sample surveys are so far planned.

Theme 4.03 Land use and land cover

1. Description

Land cover and land use are of high importance in definingand evaluating common agricultural and environment policies. The aim is to provide comparable and harmonised statistical information on land cover and land use in the EU to meet the data needs of the Commission, the EEA and others, by setting up an integrated system for land cover/use statistics in Europe. This objective will be met by harmonising and integrating national land cover/use statistics and — at European level — by using the LUCAS data and other European-level data sources. The objective is to set up area frame surveys for the provision of  coherent and harmonised statistics on land use and land cover, (ii) information on agriculture, (iii) information on the environment, landscapes and sustainable development, (iv) ground evidence for calibration of satellite images, (v) a register of points for specific surveys (such as soil, biodiversity etc.) and (vi) for the core European in-situ data collection network.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Achievement of LUCAS 2009 survey.
  • Analysis of LUCAS 2006 and 2009 data.
  • Follow-up of the study on LUCAS photos and data.
  • Setting up the central LUCAS database and preparing the centralised data input for the next LUCAS rounds.
  • Dissemination and promotion of LUCAS data.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Preparing legal basis for LUCAS as a follow-up for the LUCAS strategy.
  • Setting up an integrated system for land cover/use statistics including issuing grants to the MS for data harmonisation.
  • Preparations for the next LUCAS survey in 2012 including an ad hoc module with potential new data needs expressed by stakeholders.

Theme 4.04 Agricultural accounts and prices

1. Description
Economic Accounts for Agriculture (EAA) and agricultural price statistics (APS) play a key role in the design, implementation and monitoring of the common agricultural policy (CAP) as well as in the evaluation of the impact of the CAP on the economic and financial situation of the agricultural community. The national EAA data are covered by legal acts while regional EAA and APS data are collected through gentlemen's agreements. EAA, Agricultural labour input (ALI) and Unit values data are collected and disseminated annually; price indices are reported quarterly and annually; absolute prices annually; agricultural land prices and rents annually.
Special attention is devoted to statistical relevance, timeliness and accessibility of data with a view to satisfying current and potential needs of users. Besides this, a considerable effort is undertaken to ensure accuracy through quality checks aimed at detecting and eventually correcting observed errors in the data. To make sure data are of high quality, appropriate validation procedures, placed between the collection and the dissemination of data, are continuously being implemented and reviewed. Several validation tools (e.g. AGRIS, eDAMIS/Webforms, Building Blocks) play an increasingly important role in the system of data processing and need to be further integrated and developed in close cooperation with the countries and other Eurostat departments.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • EAA data collection and validation (annual data).
  • APS data collection and validation (annual and quarterly data).
  • Harmonisation of the concepts and definitions used by the MS (EAA and APS).
  • Continue providing support in response to user requests and dissemination unit requests.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Land prices and rents data collection in line with the EU target methodology.
  • Technical assistance to projects which may arise in connection with agri-monetary statistics.

 Theme 4.05 Forestry statistics

1. Description
For this theme Eurostat will continue to cooperate extensively with international bodies (FAO, UNECE and ITTO) in the use and development of the Joint FAO/ECE/Eurostat/ITTO Forest Sector Questionnaire (JFSQ), with which annual data on wood and wood-derived products are collected worldwide, thus avoiding any duplication of effort. The responsibility for collection and management of the data is shared; Eurostat is responsible for the replies of the EU countries and the EFTA countries. These data are the basis for international comparisons and are provided on request to the Commission departments, in particular DG Enterprise, DG Environment and DG Agriculture, to the work on the EU Forest Action Plan 2007-2011 and to the Ministerial Conference for the Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFE). They also provide some of the indicators needed for the sustainable management of forests and primary wood-based industries, work which needs to be further developed in the future.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Collect data on production of and trade in wood and wood-derived products (reference year 2009) by 30 October 2010.
  • Disseminate statistics for 2009 via the free dissemination database, Data in Focus, Statistics in Focus and other products.
  • Collect 2008 economic data for forestry and logging under the Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting for Forests (IEEAF) exercise.
  • Disseminate IEEAF data.
  • Provide data for projects under the EU Forest Action Plan 2007-2011 (lead: DG Agriculture).

Theme 4.06 Fisheries statistics

1. Description
The work programme in fisheries statistics will concentrate on adaptations necessary to meet the data requirements of the revisions of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). The further integration of the various aspects of the CFP (resource management, sustainability of fisheries, structural policy, socio-economic impact and market policy) might extend the range of data required, especially concerning data on employment and supply balance sheets for fisheries.
Special attention is devoted to the redesign of the fisheries statistical database. The new design moves away from a global system of management of fisheries statistics to a system which is more focused on the needs expressed by users and of higher quality. With revised uses for fisheries statistics and aiming at higher performance of data handling, there is a need to develop a more efficient and higher-quality data environment and to ensure a decrease in the workload for data providers.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Processing of submissions of catch, landings and aquaculture statistics regulated under specific EU legislation.
  • Updating of the Statistical Register of fishing vessels (April).
  • Cooperation in development of sustainability indicators for fisheries.
  • Preparation of publications (i.e. Pocketbook, DiFs and SiFs) on fisheries statistics.
  • Bilateral cooperation with DG MARE following the Memorandum of Understanding.
  • Bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the framework of the Working Group on Fisheries Statistics and cooperation with other international organisations.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Reorganisation of the FISH database processing system.
  • Implementation of the new legislation for landings and aquaculture statistics.
  • Development of data on employment in fisheries sector and on supply balance sheets for the fisheries sector.

2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION

  • The catch and landings legislation will be rationalised together with DG MARE legislation on data collection and control regulations.
  • In the course of 2010, eDAMIS (Electronic Data files Administration and Management Information System) ad hoc format files will be developed for fisheries data received by Eurostat.

5. Planned new legislation

  • Possible amendments to the catch legislation.

Theme 4.07 Agri-environmental statistics

1. Description

The aim of agri-environmental statistics is to develop and maintain a system of agri-environmental indicators for monitoring the integration of environmental concerns into the CAP. The work is based on the conclusions drawn in Commission Communication COM(2006) 508 and the subsequent comments from the Agriculture and Fisheries Council. A memorandum of understanding has been drawn up between DG AGRI, DG ENV, JRC, Eurostat and the EEA to ensure that already available data are fully used and to pool the different skills and resources of these partners, with the long-term objective of setting up a system for and collecting data on the relationship between agriculture and the environment to assess the impact of agricultural policy decisions on the environment. The Commission Communication identified three short-term objectives: (a) consolidating the selected set of indicators, (b) extending the coverage to the new Member States and (c) correcting existing weaknesses. Efforts need to focus on the conceptual and methodological improvement of these indicators and on collection of the necessary data or better access to existing data, in particular at regional level and concerning the use of inputs in agriculture.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Analyse the direct and indirect data needs linked to farms for setting up the agri-environmental indicators and the subsequent consequences for the agricultural statistics systems; follow up the contract from 2009 on the issue.
  • Follow up the pilot projects on input statistics (fertiliser and water use) of the pilot studies launched in 2008 in the Member States and suggest ways forward on how to best create the statistics needed.
  • Prepare implementation of the Regulation concerning statistics on pesticides (transmission file).
  • Update the fact sheets on the agri-environmental indicators where Eurostat is in the lead for the indicators where new data are available.
  • Follow up and continue the work on pesticide risk indicators.
  • Set up a database for the agri-environmental indicators.
  • Support Member States in their work on agri-environmental indicators, collect and compile available data.

3. Work to be carried out by other DGs involving data collection from Member States

  • The agri-environmental indicators that are not yet fully developed will be improved as agreed in work programmes set up according to a memorandum of understanding between DG AGRI, DG ENV, JRC, Eurostat and EEA. Each partner will collect data through their own systems, as agreed in the memorandum.

5. Planned new legislation

  • Implementation of the Regulation concerning statistics on pesticides.


2.4.2 Energy

Theme 3.03 Energy

1. Description

Europe's future depends on a secure, affordable and ecologically sustainable energy supply. The EU and the Member States pursue a number of policies addressing the security of supply (in particular of oil and gas), (ii) the environmental impact of energy use and (iii) the energy internal market (including competition in network industries).
This theme aims to provide the EU with a high-quality statistical service in the field of energy, addressing these policy concerns. Regular work involves the compilation of annual energy balance sheets and of structural information on the energy system, (ii) the follow-up of energy commodity short-term trends and (iii) the compilation of prices of certain energy carriers. Development work is aimed at improving the quality of the system, in particular its coverage, better addressing new policies/technologies.
Priority EU/national policies and technologies such as energy efficiency, combined heat and power, renewable energy sources, energy-environment integration, carbon emission inventories, effectiveness of competition in network industries, are also covered.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • The Energy Statistics Regulation (ESR) 1099/2008 will be implemented, collecting and disseminating annual and monthly statistics on energy commodities.
  • The Price Transparency Directive (PTD) 2008/92 will be implemented, collecting and disseminating electricity and gas prices.
  • Monitoring of and reporting on specific EU energy policies (renewable energy sources, energy dependency, energy efficiency, combined heat and power).
    Follow-up of needs arising from EMOS.
  • Contribution to the EU greenhouse gas inventory report, submitted to the UNFCCC, as provided for in Decision 280/2004/EC.
  • Upgrade of the IT infrastructure, enhancing integration with national production systems.
  • Implementation of pilot surveys on energy consumption in households, in response to energy efficiency/renewable energy policies and ESR requirements.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Collect statistics on nuclear fuel cycle, based on recently developed approach.
  • Methodology for reviewing present system and for the compilation of statistics on energy use in the Services Sector, as stipulated in the ESR.
  • Methodology and collection of statistics on ambient energy in line with the ESR and Renewable Energies Directive.
  • Updating of ESR to respond to the requirements of the Council Decision on strategic oil stocks.
  • Follow-up of legislative acts on security of gas supply.
  • Study on better use of ESR statistics in the preparation of the EU greenhouse gas inventory report.
  • Methodology and collection of statistics on sustainable biofuels — in line with ESR and Renewable Energies Directive.

2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION

  • The Energy Statistics Regulation will be continuously evaluated with the aim of keeping the burden low while responding to policy needs.


2.4.4 Transport


2.4.5 Tourism

Theme 3.04 Transport

1. Description

Community transport statistics are required to support the Community transport policy. A White Paper and its mid-term review ('Keep Europe moving — Sustainable mobility for our continent') set out the EU action programme on transport policy. Community transport statistics should constitute a comprehensive transport information system, including above all data on flows of vehicles, passengers and goods, but also on infrastructure, equipment, mobility, safety, enterprises, investments and employment. A key objective will be to measure the contribution of each mode of transport, used alone and in combination with others, to the global figures. It will be necessary to consolidate structural, sustainable development, modal split, energy and environmental impact indicators, and to develop indicators of quality and performance for all modes of transport. The increasing trends to optimise the high cost and investment in transport infrastructure will create more needs for statistics on them. Transport is also an important part of Community regional and environmental policies. The former will increase demands for spatially broken-down data on transport networks and flows. Taking into account the growing awareness of climate change, and the significant impact of transport on this, more and more work will be required to measure the emission of greenhouse gases and other pollutants, as well as the evolution of passenger behaviour regarding transport, particularly in European cities. The Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) is very important for competitiveness and growth. Transport statistics should provide specific information on the development of the TEN-T infrastructure and on the services it provides.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Implement the full acquis with a complete set of data for reference year 2009 available by December 2010, and adopt the necessary implementation measures under committee procedure.
  • Produce data on transport infrastructure, equipment, enterprises, safety, etc. and other information complementary to the legal data collections, through the regular use of the Common Questionnaire to be accessed on the internet.
  • Achieve systematic updating and improvement of the quality of regional transport data, based both on the annual voluntary survey (via internet) and on the legal data collections.
  • Consolidate and further develop methodology and production for structural indicators, sustainable development indicators, modal split indicators and environmental impact indicators.
  • Consolidate the development of the Community data collection on road traffic measurement (road vehicle*kilometres).
  • Consolidate the dissemination of transport statistics by the regular and timely uploading of Eurostat's free dissemination site and the production of publications in accordance with Eurostat's publication programme.
  • Continue the development of the Transport Information System (TRIS) project, which aims to modernise and integrate the various workflows of the existing processes.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • According to decision taken end-2009, start developing a Community project on the assessment of co-modality, logistics and performance indicators in freight transport modes, on their own and in combination.
  • According to decision taken end-2009, start extending the scope of existing data collection on aviation statistics.
  • Start producing transport safety statistics built on data collection(s) performed by transport safety agencies, and on the CARE database for road accidents.

2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION

  • According to decisions taken until end-2009 at technical level, the modernisation of the existing maritime transport statistics Directive may imply some simplifications. Other potential simplifications may derive from opportunities offered by new ICT services (for example 'e-maritime').
  • The reflection phase on maritime transport statistics is conducted by a Task Force involving several Member States already active in the field, in order to fine-tune the resulting burden on the others.
  • The reflection phase on aviation statistics is conducted by a Task Force involving several Member States motivated and experienced in the field, in order to fine-tune the burden resulting from the likely extension of the data collection.
  • Discontinuation of the data collection on rail safety (to be replaced by operational data collected by ERA, the European Railways Agency).
  • Programme of evaluation of transport processes in 2010: maritime transport statistics, inland waterway transport statistics.

3. Work to be carried out by other DGs involving data collection from Member States

  • DG TREN manages the CARE database on road accidents, for which the data are collected under Council Decision 93/704/EC.
    DG TREN intends to modernise and extend (to non-inland modes of transport) Regulation 1108/70 on an accounting system for expenditure on infrastructure in respect of inland modes of transport.

5. Planned new legislation

  • Start revising Regulation 91/2003 on rail transport statistics in order to discontinue the data collection on rail safety, improving the quality of rail data and extending the data collection according to some user needs.
    Start revising Regulation 437/2003 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of passengers, freight and mail by air in order to define the possible extension agreed with the Member States end-2009.
    The changes in legislation agreed in the framework of the Task Force established in order to modernise maritime transport statistics will be gradually submitted under the appropriate legislative procedure.
    Deliberations on the viability of exempting or simplifying the data collection for the smallest Member States with regard to Regulation 1172/98 on road freight transport statistics while maintaining overall data quality and completeness.

Theme 3.05 Tourism

1. Description

Tourism is an important economic activity in the European Union with great potential for contributing to higher employment. It comprises a wide variety of products or services and destinations and many different stakeholders are involved with highly decentralised areas of competence, often at regional and local levels.
Currently, statistics are collected on the supply of and demand for tourist accommodation, as well as on participation in tourism and tourism behaviour of EU residents. The legal basis for this data collection (Council Directive 95/57, the related Commission Decisions of 9 December 1998 and 10 December 2004, and Council Directive 2006/110) are being updated in order to ensure the quality of the data collection in terms of relevance, comparability, completeness and freshness of the data. A renewed legal act is scheduled to be adopted in 2010. Further, statistics on tourism employment and on indicators related to sustainable and competitive tourism are compiled using existing statistics.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • To produce high-quality publications.
  • To submit for adoption in 2009 a Commission proposal for a Regulation concerning Community Statistics on Tourism to the European Parliament and Council, updating and revising Council Directive 95/57/EC.
  • Prepare implementing measures as regards quality reporting and transmission format.
  • To enrich the tourism statistics available through usage of data from other Eurostat sources, especially as regards tourism employment or sustainability and competitiveness of tourism in Europe.
  • Following the 2008-2009 Eurostat project on Tourism Satellite Accounts, foster the implementation of TSA in the Member States (outside the legal framework).
  • To improve cooperation with the relevant international organisations as well as with candidate, neighbourhood and Mediterranean countries.
  • Organisation of an International Forum on Tourism Statistics.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Drafting of a methodological manual for tourism statistics, in close cooperation with the Member States.
  • ESSnet on automated data collection from tourist accommodation establishments.
  • Developing implementing measures regarding data transmission on same-day visits, possibly with pilot studies.

2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION

  • ESSnet on automated data collection from tourist accommodation establishments.

5. Planned new legislation

  • Regulation (EC) of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning Community statistics on tourism, to be submitted to the Council and Parliament in the course of 2009 (adoption unlikely in 2009) .


2.4.6 Banking, insurance, financial statistics

Theme 2.03 Monetary and financial statistics

1. Description

Monetary and financial indicators include important monthly, quarterly and annual statistics such as interest rates and exchange rates. Eurostat's role is to collect these data, largely from international organisations, and to publish and present them in a timely and suitable way for the benefit of users. Financial accounts cover the financial transactions and stocks of all sectors in the economy.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Receive, process, validate and publish monetary and financial indicators.
  • Receive, process, validate and publish annual financial accounts data.
  • Publish Statistics in Focus on selected topics and other publications.
  • Discuss selected methodological issues with countries and other data providers.


2.5 Government finance, fiscal and public sector statistics

Theme 2.04 Government finance statistics

1. Description

Government finance statistics cover financial and non-financial data relating to the expenditure, revenue and financing of government. These data are reported on a quarterly and annual frequency to Eurostat, are validated and published, and are usually the subject of Statistics in Focus and other publications. Eurostat has the central role in the assessment of debt and deficit data in the context of the Excessive Deficit Procedure (EDP), and to this end works closely with Member States to ensure the quality and methodological soundness of these data.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Carry out six-monthly assessment of debt and deficit data of Member States, and provision of these data.
  • Update the ESA95 Manual on Government Deficit and Debt.
  • Discuss selected methodological issues with Member States and provide bilateral advice.
  • Carry out statistical assessment of candidate countries.
  • Develop inventories of sources and methods for deficit and debt statistics.
  • Carry out regular EDP dialogue missions to Member States.
  • Receive, process, validate and publish annual and quarterly government finance statistics (Tables 2, 9, 11, 25, 27, 28 of the ESA95 transmission programme).
  • Publish Statistics in Focus on all relevant annual and quarterly government finance statistics (see above).
  • Collaborate with DG TAXUD to produce an annual publication on tax structures.
  • Complete the production and publication of detailed (COFOG level II) data for government expenditure by function.

2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION

  • Development of tools to aid Member States' validation before data transmission.


2.6 International trade and balance of payments

Theme 2.07 Trade in goods

1. Description

Statistics on international trade in goods comprise data on trade between the Member States (Intrastat) and data on trade with non-member countries (Extrastat). The statistical information is of essential importance for European economic and trade policies as well as for the analysis of market developments of individual commodities. The statistics contain detailed data broken down by reporting Member States and partner countries, by commodities according to the Combined Nomenclature and SITC, by mode of transport and by type of preference in the case of imports. The development work concentrates on making available to users harmonised statistics which meet the requirements in terms of quality and timeliness and which are relevant and matched to users' needs, including new needs arising in the framework of EMU and the changing international environment. The concepts and methods are adapted so as to integrate statistics on international trade in goods into the general statistical system at Community and international level and to respond to changes in the administrative environment. At the same time methodological principles and tools based on the latest technological advances are developed with the objective of minimising the reporting burden on businesses and enhancing data quality. The data are collected, processed and disseminated in accordance with the provisions laid down in Community legislation (Extrastat and Intrastat Regulations). The Modernised Customs Code, which shall apply at the latest on 24 June 2013, will allow lodging customs declarations (and then providing statistical data) through centralised clearance or self-assessment by authorised traders. The implementation of the new Extrastat Regulation will therefore imply appropriate mechanisms for the exchange of information between economic operators, customs and statistical authorities in such cases.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Publish each month the main intra- and extra-EU and euro-area aggregates via Releases (on average 48 days after the reference month) and more detailed intra and extra trade statistics via Bulletins. Publish the Annual Yearbook, the Pocketbook and at least four Statistics in Focus during the year.
  • Make available in the Comext database monthly detailed data and metadata (raw data, seasonally adjusted data, unit value indices, qualitative information, classifications and relationships among them, methodological comments) from the 27 Member States, EFTA, cooperation programmes and data from third countries and international organisations. Recent evolution of nomenclatures (CPA2008, NSTR) and new related data derivation will be taken into account. An expanded range of services to data users (simplified/advanced and on-line/web interfaces; new functionalities and improved support for users) will be provided in Comext.
  • Implementation of new Extrastat and amended Intrastat Regulations adopted in 2009.
  • Update the methodological documentation on statistics relating to the trading of goods. Further develop the implementation guidelines for the Intrastat legislation
    Participate in the revision of the concepts and definitions of international merchandise trade statistics of the United Nations.
  • Develop proposals for the upcoming new cooperation programmes. Renew the compliance database for the candidate countries. Ensure corrective maintenance and user training for Eurotrace.
    Follow the implementation of cooperation programmes in the field of external trade statistics for the candidate countries and third countries, such as: MEDCOMEXT III and the Instrument for Pre-Accession Activities 2008-2009.
  • Implementation of XT-NET EDIT with standard validation rules, corrections and estimations at Eurostat and Member States level.
  • Annual data collection on trade by enterprise characteristics, for example by activity sector or by size class, will continue. Data will be published through the Eurostat website and SiFs. Methodological guidelines will be prepared.
  • New legal provisions on quality reporting and assessment will be implemented. Individual assessment reports on each Member State and an annual summary quality report will be prepared. Guidelines for methods and practices affecting quality will be prepared. Intra-EU asymmetries will be monitored and analysed at detailed level. A new reconciliation round to solve the most important asymmetries will be launched. The quality of detailed data will be analysed and reported through the mirror outlier detection system.
  • Ensure the maintenance of the Eurotrace package.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • In the framework of the MEETS programme, which will run for 5 years, and in line with the new strategy contained in the Communication on re-engineering the production systems of European statistics, continue financing studies on analysis and implementation of the modernisation of Intrastat, on linking trade and other business statistics and on the implementation of new Extrastat legislation in the Member States.
  • Develop implementation guidelines for the Extrastat legislation.
  • Implementation of XT-NET ASSIST for the communication and follow-up of quality problems between Eurostat and Member States and among Member States.
    2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION_*
  • Although in the preparatory and implementation phases of objectives 201 and 202 the actions might increase the burden on Member States, the aim is a significant reduction of burden on both Member States and reporting enterprises

Theme 2.08 Trade in services and balance of payments

1. Description

An information service of high quality is required to implement EU policies on competitiveness and growth, solidarity, economic and social cohesion, external projection and sustainable development. Other relevant policies are enlargement, the Commission's bilateral relations, the management of regional agreements and the completion of the internal market. The following statistics are of crucial importance here: international trade in services; (ii) foreign direct investment; (iii) foreign affiliates (FATS); (iv) balance of payments (BoP) of the EU; (v) BoP of candidate countries; (vi) BoP of the European institutions; and (vii) remittances. Key customers are the ECB and Commission departments dealing with trade policy, economic monitoring and external relations. Member States' BoP compilers are also customers for the EU institutions' BoP. Ensuring the consistency of the BoP with national accounts and foreign trade is crucial. Harmonised implementation of new international standards in the EU will be coordinated and monitored. Work will be pursued in the years ahead — through the implementation of the BoP Regulation — to ensure that Member States keep on providing good-quality data to Eurostat and the ECB. It is also strategically important to implement the new Regulation on foreign affiliates statistics. Key methodological activities are carried out in active cooperation and coordination with international organisations such as the ECB, the IMF, the OECD and the WTO.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Ensure maintenance and continue improving the production of statistics on international trade in services, foreign direct investment, workers' remittances and balance of payments, including the development of BoP of the EU institutions (monthly, quarterly and annual) and FATS; metadata in the database and in the publications will continue to be improved and completed.
  • Data required under the BoP and FATS Regulations will continue to be monitored through the quality reports approved by the BoP Committee and SPC.
  • Guarantee the functioning of the BoP Committee, including all necessary comitology procedures.
  • Enhance quarterly and annual balance of payments statistics of the EU institutions and quarterly BoP of the EU, to satisfy the requirements of the Quarterly Sector Accounts Regulation.
  • Ensure the implementation of the FATS Regulation and the 'Recommendations Manual' (on outward FATS).
  • Participate in Commission and international work on developing the methods and data collection on workers' remittances.
  • Enhanced cooperation with National Accounts, Foreign Trade Statistics and the ECB for greater statistical consistency. Steer and follow up the implementation of technical groups' recommendations: rest of the world account; direct reporting; foreign direct investment; reconciliation with external trade; asymmetries monitoring.
  • Monitor coordinated and harmonised implementation of the IMF Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual and of the new OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment.
  • Contribute to Eurostat's cooperation programme with third countries regarding compilation and dissemination of statistics on trade in services and foreign direct investment.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Promote work on increasing consistency between BoP and trade statistics and between BoP/travel and tourism statistics through MEETS projects.
  • Organise workshops facilitating exchange of experience and good practices leading towards implementation of new international standards.
  • Explore possibilities for compiling trade in services data using VAT-related information (MEETS).
  • Investigate BoP-related statistical issues in relation to quantifying the impact of the economic turmoil.
  • Guarantee smooth functioning of the FDI Network by facilitating exchange of data on FDI transactions (joint initiative by Eurostat and DG Statistics of the ECB).

2.3 SIMPLIFICATION AND BURDEN REDUCTION

  • The MEETS projects will analyse synergies between BoP and trade on the one hand and BoP/travel and tourism on the other. Possible use of common surveys, avoidance of duplication, exchange of results will lead to a reduction of burden for national compilers.
  • In order to share the burden, Eurostat provides Member States with monthly balance of payments data of the European Union institutions. The Member States use these data in compiling their national balance of payments statistics (and their contributions to the EU and euro-area aggregate).


2.7 Prices

Theme 2.06 Prices

1. Description

The Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) is the key inflation indicator for the conduct of euro-area monetary policy by the European Central Bank (ECB) and for the assessment of convergence. Three important aims are to improve HICP quality in the medium term through the adoption of further minimum standards, to develop house price indices for housing and owner-occupied housing and to make available detailed price statistics for single market monitoring, the food prices monitoring tool and for assessing consumer outcomes (the Consumer Market Scoreboard).
Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) are necessary for the allocation of structural funds by the Commission (DG REGIO). The PPP process is laid down in European Parliament and Council Regulation 1445/2007 (the PPP Regulation). The strategy is to enhance data quality by improving the data handling and production process of PPPs (in particular with the PPP database and related tools) as well as Member States' sources and methods.
The specific indicator, the correction coefficients, and the pension contribution rate are requested by the Commission for the annual adjustment of the salaries of officials of the Community institutions.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Produce, quality-check and further develop HICP monthly data and HICP flash estimates, including the necessary further development of HICP at constant tax rates (due to be implemented in 2009) and HICP administered prices.
  • Owner Occupied Housing (OOH) and dwelling price indices.
  • Development of detailed information on prices.
  • Develop and follow up the implementation of standards on quality adjustment and sampling and weighting.
  • Extend HICP communications to promote the HICP.
  • Monitor the compliance of national indices with HICP standards with follow-up as required.
  • Produce PPPs for 2009 and revised PPPs for 2007 and 2008.
  • Carry out two consumer goods price surveys, two capital goods surveys and surveys of expenditure weights and of data on non-market services and dwelling services.
  • Undertake assessments of countries' sources and methods for PPPs.
  • Bring in full operation and ensure successful management of the PPP database.
  • Implementation of PPP Regulation 1445/2007.
  • Improve methodology for construction PPPs.
  • Produce correction coefficient and annual adjustment.
  • Produce pension contribution rate, forecast and liability for pensions and health care.

2.2 NEW WORK

  • DG ADMIN project on intra-EU correction coefficient.
  • Eurostat/IOS-OECD/UN project on world correction coefficient.

5. Planned new legislation

  • HICP implementing regulations, such as concerning HICP sampling, replacement and aggregation practices.


2.9 Science and technology

Theme 5.06 Science, technology and innovation

1. Description

Statistics on science, technology and innovation (STI statistics) mainly cover R&D statistics, including statistics on government budget appropriations and outlays on R&D (GBAORD), innovation statistics (based on the Community innovation surveys — CIS), patent statistics, statistics on human resources in science and technology (HRST statistics), statistics on the careers of doctorate holders (CDH statistics) and statistics on high-tech industries and knowledge-based services. The regular activities consist of data production based on the Commission Regulations or other agreements and involvements and of related methodological work.

2. Work Programme for 2010

2.1 ONGOING WORK

  • Ensure the regular production and dissemination of STI data and the related metadata with their envisaged extensions.
  • Finalise and disseminate the results of CIS 2008.
  • Complete the CIS 2010 instructions.
  • Launch the CDH 2009 data collection.
  • Improve the measurement of the internationalisation of R&D.
  • Increase the data volume, quality and data output of patent statistics (in using PATSTAT).

2.2 NEW WORK

  • Improvement of classifications used for high-tech and knowledge-intensive services (KIS).

3. Work to be carried out by other DGs involving data collection from Member States

  • Several projects initiated by DG RTD on (investigating the) deepening of the breakdown of the R&D data involve Member States' active participation.


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