The Specify Needs phase doesn't explicitly refer to proposing statistical solution options to addressing client needs, it just separately mentions various aspects of these solutions, probably because a survey solution is assumed. Some of the sub-processes also don't seem big enough to warrant being explicit at this level (e.g. identify concepts). In the new ABS Business Architecture we have combined and re-focussed 1.1 - 1.5 into two sub-processes - 'Understand and confirm statistical needs' and 'Scope statistical solution' (scoping and preparing a high level solution design is effectively what a business area does to get approval to proceed with the project, and before the detailed design, build/assembly and implementation processes commence in earnest). To be in scope of the GSBPM any solutions prepared would need to result in the creation of data outputs.