2.4.2 Energy (IEA)
1) Improving the quality of energy statistics necessitates both a top down approach and bottom up approach. As regards the top down approach, it is essential that policy makers are fully aware of the importance of reliable and detailed energy statistics for any sound energy policy. The IEA takes every single opportunity to address the needs for better statistics and more resources allocated to statistics. For instance, the IEA gave several presentations at various IEA Committees as well as Governing Board meetings in 2009. In October, the IEA held a Ministerial Meeting, and again, statistics was one of the key points discussed in the meeting. A major decision was taken by Ministers regarding the launch of a new questionnaire on energy efficiency indicators. The message on the importance of more and better statistics starts to be well understood by member countries; for example, member countries have ranked energy statistics in second position of all IEA 25 programmes. This is a major success for the whole energy statisticians community.
2) As regards the bottom up approach and the need to improve the expertise of statisticians working on energy statistics, Eurostat and the IEA continue to extend the coverage and the outreach of their joint Energy Statistics Manual. On top of the 7 existing languages, the Manual has been translated in Arabic and in Farsi in 2009.
3) IEA together with the other 6 organisations behind the JODI initiative held the 7th World JODI Conference in June 2009. The Conference took place in Quito (Ecuador) and was very well attended by countries, organizations as well as by oil companies and oil analysts. This conference was a turning point in the development of the initiative; while in the first 6 conferences the emphasize was more on issues related to data collecting, the focus in Quito was more on the users side. Analysts were telling the participants how they like the JODI database and their wish list for further expanding the quality and the coverage.
4) Major progresses have been achieved in 2009 regarding InterEnerStat. InterEnerStat gathers 25 organisations either collecting or using energy statistics. The objective of the initiative is to improve energy statistics by strengthening harmonization and cooperation between organizations.
5) Energy efficiency is high on the political agenda. However, there is an obvious lack of detailed data on sub-sectors and end-uses consumption. As a consequence, it is often very difficult to build meaningful energy efficiency indicators to support any sound energy efficiency policy or to assess the progress achieved by the policy.
6) To ease the reporting burden passed to its Member countries, the IEA has developed a very friendly web interface for the submission of the annual questionnaires to the IEA. The interface offers a wide range of options for the countries to fill up their questionnaires: directly entering the numbers either on tables or on time series, importing the data from their own databases, etc. Built in checks allow countries to pre-check their submissions before sending them.
1) JODI: Extension of JODI to natural gas and selected annual data.
2) InterEnerStat: Finalisation and agreement on a set of common definitions of flows and products for 25 international and regional organizations dealing with energy statistics.
3) Energy Efficiency Indicators: After the agreement by Energy Ministers, the IEA will start collecting annual data to build energy efficiency indicators. Moreover, to facilitate the completion of the questionnaire on energy efficiency indicators, the IEA will write a manual on statistics for energy efficiency indicators: what indicators, to build, what data are needed, how to collect the data, etc.
4) The IEA will finalise the monthly version of the web interface. This version will be used by the countries to report their monthly oil submissions as well as JODI questionnaires.
5) The IEA will continue its work on improving the quality and coverage of gas trade flows. Natural gas is becoming more and more important in the energy mix of many countries. However, it is more and more difficult to have a clear picture of who imports what from whom due to the multiplication of transit countries and confidentiality issues. As a starting point, the IEA will release on internet an interactive map of European gas trade flows in early 2010.
The 5th meeting of the Oslo Group (UNSD)
Energy Statistics Working Group meeting
A JODI workshop on natural gas
Location: Russia (tentatively)
A workshop on energy efficiency indicators
Location: Paris (tentatively)